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  • Eid El Fitr Mubarak ( Eide Fetr )

    Today is first of Shawwal, the day of Eid Fetr or the Feast ending the month long fasting of Ramadhan. The soul and life of the faithful is filled with the fragrance of spirituality and sincerity. The inhabitants on the earth thanks to a whole month of worship and prayer are celebrating with hopes pinned on God’s rewards. On this auspicious occasion we offer our congratulations to all Muslims of the world. Today is the day of prayer and joy of the people who have got close to God. From the early hours of Eid Fetr the pleasant voice of the Moazzen who invites the faithful to the Eid Prayer fills up the city’s atmosphere. The faithful glorifying God Almighty for His bounties set out towards the mosque or the Mosallas for the congregational Eid prayers. They seek divine mercy and forgiveness and recite:
    “O My Lord I have come to You with all my heart in the hope of benefiting from Your mercy. O My God today is one of the days of celebrations for Prophet Mohammad and his blessed progeny. O my Great God, forgive my grave."
    On Eid Fetr the cry of Takbir of the Greatness of God as is expressed with the recitation of the words Allaho-Akbar softens the soul and gives new hope to the life of the faithful. On the eve of the Eid, the majestic cry of Allaho Akbar echoes from the mosques at the sighting of the crescent. Early the next morning the Muslims gather for the prayer as thanksgiving to the One and Only Creator for his spiritual blessings of Ramadhan. The Eid Prayer is manifestation of Islamic solidarity. It is indication of the human beings humbleness in the presence of the Omnipresent Lord, to Whom all bow and prostrate. In some Islamic states the sound of drums and trumpets at the sighting of the crescent creates a wave of happiness. The people in these countries prepare themselves in advance for the Eid celebration. They wear new clothes on Eid and prepare special types of foods. Indonesia with its population of 220 million people, of whom 85 percent are Muslims, is supposedly the largest Muslim country, although the Muslims in India number more. During Eid Fetr days the train and bus stations are extremely crowded with people planning travel to meet their relatives. The people of Afghanistan who for years have been under the clutches of oppression enforced by aggressors hold Eid prayer in their own unique manner and then visit relatives. In Lebanon the drummers who announce the advent of Eid go from house to house to collect gifts.

    On Eid Fetr there is life everywhere and the pure hearts under the blessing of Ramadhan are hopeful of divine mercy. In Bahrain after the end of blessed Ramadhan, the drummers accompanied by boys walk on streets and people give them Eidi and cookies. Bahrainis celebrate Eid for three days. It is also customary for Bahrainis to visit the tombs of great Islamic scholars after the Eid prayer.

    According to a Hadith, God Almighty says to angels on Eid Fetr: “Do you know what is the reward of those who have fulfilled their duties? The angels say: O My Lord their reward is in Your hand. God Almighty says: You angels be witness that on this day I forgive My servants. “

    Praying with sincerity, sympathizing with the deprived, giving to the oppressed their rights, and being kind towards relatives bring internal joy and happiness for mankind. A glance at religious teachings indicates that joy and happiness are part of faith. Seeking the shelter of God Almighty, Who is the source of all existence, creates a special joy in hearts. Thus, happiness is not limited only to transient material values. Refraining from sins is a beautiful experience and this is the real meaning of Eid. A saying from Imam Ali (AS), reads: the day you have not committed any sin is a day of Eid for you.

    Eid Fetr is therefore the day of salvation and gladness but we should not neglect fellow humans and their problems. One of the obligatory acts of Eid Fetr is to give Zakat Fetrey or a specific amount to the poor before the start of the prayer so as to cleanse oneself of all impurities. By this deed, a person insures his life and soul and keeps himself away from calamities. Zakat Fetreh means growth, cleansing and goodness. Therefore, like prayer it is a factor responsible for boosting the morale, purifying life and strengthening brotherly relations in society.

    Although Eid Fetr marks the end of a month of fasting, it also ushers in a march in the right direction for the next eleven months till Ramadhan comes again with more divine bounties. Once again we congratulate the auspicious Eid Fetr to all Muslims of the world, and goodbye until we meet again tomorrow for the second and concluding part of this special programme.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  • #2
    The glory of the auspicious day of Eid is evident in the mass prayers for which the faithful gather in the early hours. They raise their hands in unison for the Qonout and pray for the dignity and honor of Muslims. The English translation of the Qonout reads:

    "O Allah, Lord of magnificence and greatness; and Lord of generosity and overwhelming power; and Lord of pardon and mercy. We implore You for the sake of this day which You have appointed as a Festival for the Muslims and for Muhammad and his progeny as a reminder, a distinction, an honor, to bless Muhammad and his progeny and admit me to all the bounties to which You have admitted Muhammad and his progeny, and keep me away from all evils from which You have kept away Muhammad and his progeny. May Your blessings be upon him and his progeny. I beg of You of the best which has been asked for by Your virtuously good servants, and I seek Your protection from all those evils from which Your sincere servants have sought Your protection.”

    Britain’s Horace Leef is one of those who embraced Islam. He considers the cause behind his interest in Islam to be observing the beautiful and glorious scene of Eid Fetr. He says: “I have seen many churches and temples of the world where there is no equality. I thought that the same discrimination prevails at mosques. But on the day of Eid Fetr in a mosque in London I saw the highest type of equality and the most interesting shape of worship among Muslims and I was amazed. I saw that different ethnic groups and classes of people joined shoulders together in prayer and worship. They sincerely shook hands with each other and exchanged congratulations on the auspicious day of Eid. I saw a similar scene in a mosque in an African country. All Muslims considered themselves equal before God. When the prayer leader said that all Prophets were righteous there remained no doubt that Islam is the only religion with a global and universal message in the real meaning of the word.”

    These were the remarks of a British Muslim on Eid Fetr as a manifestation of Islamic unity. This great feast is held with specific traditions in Iran. In many Iranian cities, at evening on the last day of Ramadhan people go to their roofs to try sight the crescent. People in Saqqez city of Iran’s Kurdistan Province hold a mirror in their hands and try to see the new moon in the mirror, for according to them seeing the moon in a mirror is a good omen. Those who succeed in seeing the moon light fire on mountains overlooking the city in order to inform others that the moon had been sighted.

    In Yazd Province in central Iran on the morning of Eid Fetr three reciters of the holy Quran go to the top of the mosque and in their good voices recite the verses of the Holy Book. They then call the people to prayer. In Tehran, the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran, on the morning of Eid Fetr large number of people flock to the grand Mosalla named in honour of the late Imam Khomeini (may his soul rest in peace). Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, leads the Eid prayer in Tehran. Of course, those who cannot make it to the Mossalla converge on mosques in their localities for the Eid prayer. In the streets and alleys the majestic cry of Allaho Akbar is heard and so also Salawat or sending of blessings on the Prophet and his infallible household. This is a token of the people’s thanksgiving to God for having granted the opportunity to fast and pray for a whole month. The Eid Fetr prayer is thus a crowning moment for the faithful. Many in Tehran visit the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery after the Eid prayer to remember the martyrs and their dear ones. They take along with them candles to light on the tombstone and sweets to distribute. People also visit family members, friends and acquaintances.

    It is said that the followers of Prophet Moses (PBUH) used to adorn themselves on a determined day and decorate markets on a specific day as Eid. This feast commemorated the day on which Prophet Moses, through divine assistance, aborted the sorcery of the magicians in the court of the Pharaoh and returned victoriously. It is also related that one day Prophet Jesus (PBUH) beseeched God to send food from heaven, praying, as is mentioned in Ayah 114 of Surah Ma’edah:

    “O Allah, our Lord! Send down to us food from heaven which should be to us to an ever-recurring happiness, to the first of us and to the last of us, and a sign from Thee.”

    In response to the prayer of Prophet Jesus (PBUH), a banquet of heavenly food was descended and this was the day of Eid. In Islamic culture Eid is thus a special occasion, when needs to thank God for His bounties and to desist from sins and frivolities. The Prophet’s first infallible successor in one of his sermons likened the Day of Eid to the Day of Resurrection, saying: “O people this day of yours is a day when the pious people are awarded and the losers are disappointed and this has a great similarity to the Day of Resurrection. So when leaving your homes and setting out for the Mosalla reflect on your coming out of graves and your going towards Allah. O you the servants of God the least thing which is given to the fasting men and women is that an angel on the last day of Ramadhan calls them saying: O the servants of God, tidings to you that your past sins have been forgiven. Now think of your future and how to spend the rest of the days.

    Before ending let us recount to you a very interesting incident concerning Eid Fetr. It was the city of Merv in Khorasan, a city that is presently in the modern Republic of Turkmenistan. It was the era of the oppressive Abbasid caliphate that had forced the Prophet’s 8th infallible successor Imam Reza (AS) to leave Medina and come and reside at the court in that city. The caliph Mamoun, as part of his plot to discredit the Imam pressured him to lead the Eid Fetr prayer in the belief that the people when they see the Prophet’s infallible successor acting according to the instructions of the caliph would either change their view on the illegitimacy of the Abbasid caliph or at least lose confidence in the Imam. He though he would benefit both ways. Imam Reza (AS) seeing no way out made it clear that he would lead the Eid Fetr prayer but in the manner of his ancestor the Prophet. On the morning of the Eid, immediately after sunrise the Imam set out barefoot with a staff in his hand towards the Mosalla of Merv. The caliphs courtiers and commanders were on horseback but when the saw the Imam barefoot and walking, they immediately got off their mounts, took off their shoes and joined the procession. Every few steps the Imam stopped and recited the majesty cry of Allaho Akbar or God is Great. People heard the cry and flocked towards the Imam and soon tens of thousands of people joined the procession. The cry of Allaho Akbar was so vociferous that even women and children on rooftops joined the chorus. It seemed the earth and heavens were echoing with the cry of Allaho Akbar. The people were enthusiastic that the Prophet’s successor was to lead the prayer and not any corrupt caliph. The agents of the caliph became alarmed and reported to Mamoun that his rule was in danger. He immediately sent a message to Imam Reza (AS) to turn back and not to lead the prayer. The Imam smilingly stopped, got on horseback and returned home. This was a wise move. It saved the position of the imamate and made the people more repugnant of the Abbasid caliphate.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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    • #3
      Eid celebrations
      Margaret Shaida

      Few festivals in the Muslim world are anticipated with greater delight than Eid el-Fitr. It is this festival that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, the annual assertion of ‘the spirit over the flesh’.

      In Islam, believers are called upon to cease all consumption of food and drink between the hours of daylight for 30 consecutive days. This period is called Ramadan (Ramazan in Iran and Turkey, Ramzan in the Indian subcontinent). After dark during Ramadan, people may eat and drink as much as they wish.

      Both the start and the finish of Ramadan coincide with the sighting of the new moon in the sky. Today, despite modern technology, the month of Ramadan may still begin and end on different days in different countries depending on the reliable sighting of the crescent moon. In Britain, Eid is likely to fall around 3 November in 2005.

      Customs and traditions
      There is a wide range of customs and traditions that mark the Eid el-Fitr celebrations in various countries in North Africa, the Middle and Far East and even in the Pacific, but in general it is looked upon as a day of family, rather than public celebration. The day always starts with special Eid prayers at the main mosque (also attended by the women in some countries), followed later in the day by a large celebratory lunch at the house of the senior member of the family. Everywhere children receive gifts of cash and new clothes.

      Preparation for the festival often starts the day before and the entire celebration can last up to five days. In Bahrain, people even mark the half-way point in Ramadan. On the 15th day, children dress smartly and call at their friends’ and neighbours’ homes in the evening and are given sweets. On Eid el-Fitr itself, the family lunch will consist of biryani (a mixed rice dish of meat and spices), sago dishes, stuffed, sweet pastries (sambouseh), and other sweetmeats.

      Eid around the world
      In Iraq, the family will enjoy a breakfast of buffalo cream with honey and bread before going on to the family lunch together. Here, a lamb may be sacrificed for the occasion, and a special Eid sweetmeat called klaicha, a date-filled pastry, is made.

      Egypt sees four days of celebration, with preparations starting several days earlier. Special biscuits are made to give to friends and relatives on the day. The men will go to the mosque early in the morning, while the women start work on the preparation of the fish that will form the centrepiece of a great celebratory lunch.

      In Palestine, in addition to prayers and family celebrations, a special sweetmeat, k'ak al-tamar, is made to serve with coffee.

      In Somalia, a three-day celebration starts with a family lunch which includes rice mixed with meat and vegetables, and pasta accompanied by anjira (a thin bread prepared liked chapatti). Halva, which in Somalia is more like a cumin-flavoured custard, is also served, along with special fried (or baked) biscuits made of flour, sugar, oil, warm water and baking powder.

      One of the special dishes in India, Pakistan and Fiji is savayya, a dish of fine, toasted vermicelli noodles, which is served for the first breakfast after the fast. Toasted vermicelli may be found in many ethnic stores in Britain, but it is easily made by browning fine vermicelli in a warm oven, or by dry-frying broken pieces in a frying pan until browned. It can then be boiled until soft, drained and mixed with creamy milk and sugar.

      In Indonesia, the family lunch consists of dishes made of chicken, lamb or beef, but never fish which is too ubiquitous in Indonesia to be considered as a celebratory dish. The traditional sweet is lapis legit, a rich layered cake. Here, the celebrations will last for a whole month.

      In Malaysia, three public holidays mark Eid, but the visiting and celebrations will also continue for a month. Festive dishes include ketupat (rice cooked in wrapped coconut leaves) and lemang (glutinous rice cooked in bamboo cane), served with beef rendang.

      The one exception in all these celebrations is Iran where, although the day is marked as a public holiday, there are no specific dishes made to mark the occasion. This is perhaps because, unlike most Muslim countries, the climate varies widely from season to season, especially on the high Iranian plateau. The winters are very cold and the summers very hot, and the moveable feasts of the lunar calendar preclude the preparation of annual dishes.


      In Iran, Ramadan moves back by ten or eleven days each year, and so there are few festive dishes marking Muslim days of celebration. Also, unlike most Muslim countries which follow the Sunni branch of Islam, Iran is Shi’a, a branch which tends to mark the Islamic festivals in a different and less celebratory way. In the case of Ramazan, the breaking of the fast is quite a personal event. Those who have fasted will go to the mosque to attend special prayers, and those close to them will congratulate them on their successful fast.

      The end of the fast
      The spiritual well-being experienced at the end of the fast is celebrated, mostly with feasting but sometimes simply with quiet satisfaction.

      For a taste of Eid celebratory dishes try these delicious recipes:

      Klaicha, a beautifully scented date-filled pastry
      Beef rendang a slow-cooked, spicy beef dish made with coconut
      نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


      «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
      صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

      Comment


      • #4
        Eid El Fitr
        Islamic feast Celebration in Egypt

        By Mohamed Rashad

        Eid el Fitr is an Islamic feast celebrated after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. It is considered a reward for Muslims who struggled through Ramadan and achieved a whole month fasting.
        Eid El Fitr is a 3 day feast in which people have an official holiday in Egypt. Muslims start the celebrations by going to the mosques to perform a special prayer call the Feast holiday after sunrise where men women and children listen to a religious speech in which Imam usually reminds Muslims of the virtues and good deeds they should do to friends, relatives, neighbors and even strangers during Eid el Fetr and throughout the year.

        After the prayers Egyptians usually visit families and offer sweets made specially for this occasion called the feast sweets or Kahk. Bisuits are also made in multiple flavors either at home or at candy shops which consider this occasion a profitable one because although most people used to bake Kahk themselves, nowadays many Egyptians buy the sweets from shops.

        Family visits are considered a must on the first day of the Eid so they have the rest of days to enjoy by going to parks, cinemas, theatres or the beaches. Some like to go on tours or Nile cruise. Sharm El Sheikh is considered a favorite spot for spending holidays is Egypt.

        Eid El Fitr is indeed a time for celebration but it is also a time for sharing as there is a special charity in the Eid called the "Sadaka" or the Eid el Fitr Charity which is paid by every Muslim before the end of Ramadan and given to the poor to be able to buy new clothes and kahk during the feast.

        In Egypt People like to celebrate with others so apart from the crowded streets you are likely to have fun if you spend your holiday during Eid el Fitrs in Egypt.

        نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


        «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
        صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

        Comment


        • #5
          Celebrating the Day of Eid el Fitr


          The culmination of the month of Fasting is upon us and on this blessed day, we see that the true believer is put through a state of having to deal with ‘opposing’ emotions and states.

          While it is true that the fasting period has ended, do we celebrate this day because we are now “free” to eat, drink and life our lives as we want? Are we now “free” to see the prohibited, speak the impermissible and do the wrong? In reality, the question we should be posing to ourselves is: Why do we ‘celebrate’ on this day?

          Without doubt, this day of celebration is not due to the fact that we can now eat, drink, smoke, and indulge in other “pleasures” in the daylight hours. Rather, it is due to the fact that we have returned back from Allah’s presence as (hopefully) changed individuals.

          Eid comes from the Arabic word meaning to ‘return back’ and by marking this blessed day, we are signifying that we have returned back from our spiritual sojourn of 30 days to a life of continued awareness of Allah.

          It is also ‘interesting’ to note that one of the recommended actions on this ‘happy day’ is the supplication of the lamentation – Dua al-Nudbah! What is the logic behind crying on a day of happiness? The same thing is seen on the opposite end of the spectrum when we mark the sorrow-filled day of Aashura in which we long (with a ‘happy’ heart) for the advent of our 12th Imam and his government of truth and justice!

          Thus, these apparently opposite states we find ourselves in are, in actuality, how a true believer should always feel. We should be in a state of grief for the Imam and our separation from him at all times, but also at the same have the feeling of hope for his return and his global revolution. It is these two states of “hope” and “fear” that keep us balanced in life.

          In addition to keeping our family and friends in mind on this blessed day, we must also remember to pay the Zakatul Fitr (please refer to the website for details on its disbursement). Thus, we are not only concerned with ourselves and our immediate loved ones, but also the less fortunate in our own city, state/province, country and then those outside of our geographic region.

          May Allah accept our fast and actions done to get closer to Him and permit us to see another sacred month of Ramadhan until the advent of our living Imam.
          نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


          «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
          صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

          Comment


          • #6
            Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر), often abbreviated as simply Eid, sometimes spelled Eid al-Fitr in the Roman alphabet, is an Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. Fitr means "to break the fast" and therefore symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period and of all sinful habits. On the day of the celebration, a typical Muslim family gets up very early and attends special prayers held only for the occasion in mosques, in large open areas, stadiums or arenas. The prayer is generally short, and is followed by a khutba. The festivities and merriment start after the prayers with visits to the homes of friends and relatives and thanking the Creator for all blessings. Eid is a time to come together as a community and to renew friendship and family ties. This is a time for peace for all Muslims in the world to devote to prayers and mutual well-being.

            It is a joyous occasion with important religious significance. Happiness is observed at attaining spiritual uplift after a month of fasting. Muslims dress in holiday attire. After attending the special congregational prayer in the morning, worshippers greet and embrace each other in a spirit of peace, love, and brotherhood. Visiting friends and relatives is common.

            For Muslims, Eid ul-Fitr is a joyful celebration of the achievement of enhanced piety. It is a day of forgiveness, moral victory and peace, of congregation, fellowship, brotherhood and unity. Muslims are not only celebrating the end of fasting, but thanking God for the help and strength that they believe he gave them throughout the previous month to help them practice self-control.

            Common greetings during this three-day festival are the Arabic greeting "Eid mubarak", "Eid saeed" or its Urdu variation "Eid mubarak!" which, loosely translated, means "Happy Eid!". In many parts of Southeast Asia, it is common to greet people with "Selamat Hari Raya" or "Selamat Idul Fitri" which means "Happy Eid" in Malay and Indonesian. In Indonesia and Malaysia, Muslims greet one another with "Maaf lahir dan batin" which means "I'm sorry physically and spiritually", because in Indonesia and Malaysia, Eid-ul-Fitr is not only for celebrations, it is also the time for Muslims to clean their sins.

            History

            The first Eid was celebrated in 624 CE by the Prophet Muhammad with his companions and relatives after the victory of the Battle of Badr.



            Timing

            The holiday follows the month of Ramadan, falling on the first day of Shawwal (the tenth month in the Islamic calendar). As with all months in the Islamic calendar, it begins with the sighting of the new moon. For this reason there may be regional differences in the exact date of Eid, with some Muslims fasting for 29 days and some for 30 days.

            Eid ul-Fitr commemorates the end of the month of Ramadan. Fasting is forbidden on this day as it marks the end of the month-long fast of Ramadan. A Muslim is encouraged to rise early and partake of some dates or a light, sweet snack, significant because for the past 30 days they have abstained from all food and drink from dawn till dusk. Many Muslims feel a sense of loss or sadness at the passing of Ramadan.



            Traditions and practices

            Muslims are encouraged to dress in their best clothes, new if possible, and to attend a special Eid prayer that is performed in congregation at mosques or open areas like fields, squares etc. When Muslims finish their fast at the last day (29th or 30th Ramadan), they congregate to recite Takbir:

            Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar,
            laa ilaha illallah,
            Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar
            wa lillahil-hamd
            God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest
            There is no deity but [the One] God
            God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest
            and to God goes all praise
            The Takbir is recited after confirmation that the moon of Shawwal is sighted on the eve of the last day of Ramadan. It continues until the start of the Eid prayer. Before the Eid prayer begins every Muslim (man, women or child) must pay Zakat al Fitr, an alms for the month of Ramadan. This equates to about 2 kg of a basic foodstuff (wheat, barley, dates, raisins, etc.), or its cash equivalent, and is typically collected at the mosque. This is distributed to needy local Muslims prior to the start of the Eid prayer. It can be given anytime during the month of Ramadan and is often given early, so the recipient can utilise it for Eid purchases. This is distinct from Zakat based on their wealth, which must be paid to a worthy charity.

            The Eid prayer (salah) is followed by the khutba (sermon) and then a prayer (dua') asking for forgiveness, mercy and help for the plight of Muslims across the world. It is then customary to embrace the persons sitting on either side of you as well as your relatives, friends and acquaintances.

            Children are normally given gifts or money. Women (particularly relations) are normally given special gifts by their loved ones. Eid is also the time for reconciliations. Feuds or disputes, especially between family members, are often settled on Eid.



            Eid ul-Fitr in the USA and Canada

            American and Canadian Muslims in North America typically celebrate the day in a quiet way. Because the day depends on the sighting of the moon, observing families are often not aware that the next day will be Eid until the night before. Most check with members of the community to see if the moon has been sighted by anyone. Different methods for determining the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwal are used in each particular community. Because the day is determined by the natural phenomenon of sighting the crescent moon, the East Coast may celebrate Eid on a different day than the West Coast.

            To determine the day of Eid, the crescent moon must be sighted directly, however some people choose to base the sighting on scientific calculations. Typically, the end of Ramadan is announced accordingly via e-mail, postings on websites or chain phone calls to all members of a community. Usually working people make arrangements for a lighter work day on the days that may possibly be the Eid day. But many North American Muslims cannot take the whole day off. A typical Muslim family in the USA or Canada will wake up very early in the morning and have a small breakfast. Getting ready often consists of getting dressed in fancy clothing for those who are off all day, and work clothing for those who cannot have the day off.

            Next the family will go to the nearest congregational prayer. The prayer may be held at the local mosque, hotel ballroom, arena or stadium. The prayer is often led by a lay person in the community who is respected because of his character and breadth of knowledge of Islam. Often these prayers are held in shifts. The first prayer at 7 am the second at 9 am and the third at 11 am. After prayers, the Muslims disperse. Some have to go to work, others have the day off and spend the time visiting friends and family. Many Muslim families have Eid ul-Fitr open houses on that day. Muslim children who attend public school often take the day off and spend it with members of the family who are able to take the day off. The day is spent thanking the Creator for all our blessings.

            Because North American Muslims come from all parts of the world, not any one particular food is served on that day. Muslims believe that all blessings come from God, but each family typically has a feast with foods of their particular heritage. For example, an Pakistani-American-Muslim family would have traditional South Asian food, whereas an African-American-Muslim family would have a roast with the sides and an Arab-American-Muslim family would have Arab cuisine. An intermarried, bicultural family would have food from both cultures on that day. Often a Muslim North American family will visit the homes of friends of many heritages on that day.



            نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


            «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
            صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

            Comment


            • #7
              Eid ul-Fitr in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei

              In Malaysia and Singapore, Eid is also commonly known as Hari Raya Aidilfitri or Hari Raya Puasa. Hari Raya literally means Day of Celebration. Muslims in Malaysia and Singapore celebrate Eid like other Muslims throughout the world. It is the biggest holiday in Malaysia, and is the most awaited one. Shopping malls and bazaars will be filled with people days ahead of Hari Raya, causing a distinctive festive atmosphere throughout the country. Many banks, government and private offices will be closed on this day, which at many time lasts until a week.

              The night before Eid will be filled with the takbir which is held in the mosques or musallas. In many parts of Malaysia, especially in rural areas, oil lamps or pelita/panjut will be lit up in house compounds. Eid also witnesses a huge migratory pattern of the Muslims, from big metropolitan cities to rural areas. This is known as balik kampung — literally going back to home town to celebrate Eid with one's parents. Special dishes like ketupat, dodol (a type of glutinous rice cake cooked in bamboo), lemang and other Malay delicacies are served during this day.

              It is customary for Malays to wear traditional Malay costumes on the Eid. The dress for men is called baju melayu which is worn together with songket while the women's are known as baju kurung and baju kebaya. It is also common to see non-Malay Muslims wear costumes of their culture.

              Once the prayer is completed, it is also common for Muslims in Malaysia to visit the grave of their loved ones. During this visit, they will clean the grave, perform the recital of the Ya-Seen, a chapter (surah) from the Qur'an and also perform the tahlil ceremony. All these are done in hope that their loved ones are blessed by Allah and they are spared from the punishment in the afterlife. Muslims will also seek forgiveness from each other, forgetting past sins and renewing their relationship with others. In both countries, the most common greeting is "maaf zahir dan batin", simply meaning 'I seek forgiveness from physical and spiritual mischief'. The rest of the day is spent visiting relatives, or serving visitors. Eid ul-Fitr is a very joyous day for children for this is the day where adults are extra generous. Children will be given token sums of money, also known as "duit raya" from their parents or elders [1] [2].



              Eid ul-Fitr in Indonesia

              In Indonesian the feast is named Hari Raya Idul Fitri or informally, Lebaran. Hari Raya literally means The Great Day of (Celebration) . Sometimes, there are different statements on when the day falls, especially between Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama, because people use different techniques to determine it. Almost all of the people follow the government of Indonesia's statement and such differences do not get in the way of people celebrating. This event is recognized as a national holiday and starts a few days before Eid ul-Fitr and lasts some days after it. Schools also have different schedule for the holiday as many Islamic schools usually make it a longer holiday. Muslims in Indonesia usually ask forgiveness from their relatives and friends after the special prayer. Another interesting Eid ul-Fitr tradition in Indonesia is mudik that usually applies to urbanites who came to Jakarta from the other provinces of Java or other islands in Indonesia. Before Eid ul-Fitr comes, people will go back to their hometowns where their relatives, sometimes including their parents, reside. This event often causes crowding in airports, seaports, and bus stations while some who are travelling by car are trapped in the traffic jam for hours. For little children, asking for money as well as forgiveness from relatives is common to motivate them. Many, especially in the cities, also use the term angpau for the money just like Chinese people do.

              At the night of the last day of Ramadan, Indonesians usually do 'Takbiran'. Takbiran is a big celebration, people, from little children to old men, recite the takbir with a microphone in a parade. They travel around the town and usually they hit 'bedug', a large drum, as a background music of the takbir.



              Eid ul-Fitr in Pakistan/India

              After the Holy month of Ramadan, in which the Muslims are asked to observe fast and do extra prayers and observe religious values regidly, the Muslims celebrate the sighting of the new moon (start of the new Muslim month) by going to bazaar, shopping malls, with their families and children for Eid shopping. In Pakistan, the night before Eid is called Chand Raat, or night of the moon. Women, especially young girls often paint each others' hands with traditional henna and wear colorful bangles.

              On the morning of Eid ul-Fitr, every Muslim is required to wear new clothes, if he/she can afford them, otherwise wear washed clothes, have a fresh bath and go to mosque for special Eid prayers, thanking Allah (God) for the health enabling a Muslim to observe fast and enjoy the blessings of Allah Almighty during the holy month of Ramadan. The Muslims are ordained to pay Zakat al-Fitr (special charity money) to the poor and needy before the Eid prayer, so that they can also enjoin other Muslims to celebrate the happiness of Eid.

              After the prayers, the congregation is dispersed, the Muslims meet and greet each other, family members, children, elders, friends etc. etc.

              Some Muslims specially go to graveyard to pray for the departed and convey their salam (peace). Usually, children visit their parents and other family elders to pay respects and greet.

              Special arrangements are made for the family/friends to visit each other to greet on this special occasion. They even exchange gifts, pay charity to needy and enjoy.

              One of the special dishes in Pakistan and Fiji is savayya, a dish of fine, toasted vermicelli noodles [3]. Elder family members give eidi (small amount of money or gifts) to children. After meeting friends and relatives, some people go for joyous parties, feasts, special carnivals and parks (with picnics, fireworks, etc.). In Pakistan, many bazaars, malls, and restaurants get crowded with people.

              Some people also avail this opportunity to distribute Zakat, the obligatory tax on one's wealth, to the needy.

              In this way, the Muslims celebrate their Eid ul-Fitr by thanking Allah Almighty and brining their family, friends and the poor and needy closer.



              Eid ul-Fitr in Bangladesh

              In Bangladesh, Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement. On this day, everyone tries to wear a new outfit. This is usually a shalwar kameez or sari for a woman, and pyjama and punjabi ([kurta pyjama]) for men. People also prepare special food to match the festive mood. The most common and well-loved eid food item is "shemai" or toasted vermicilli. Chand Raat is also celebrated the night before the Eid day. As soon as the appearance of the new moon affirms the next day as Eid day, the whole country bursts into what is called a gala. People rush into markets to do last minute shopping. There is a rush in the railway stations, bus stations and launch docks with people leaving the city to go to their village homes and celebrate Eid with their loved ones. Women, especially young girls, paint their hands with mehndi (henna). Young boys start their celebration with Potka (fireworks) and tarabati. Young children receive "eidi", money from the adults in the family, as a gift.

              The preparation to celebrate the Eid day runs almost the whole month of Ramadan, and it reaches its peak in the chand raat and lasts at least for the next couple of days. In Bangladesh, Eid ul-Fitr is a national holiday.



              Eid ul-Fitr in Iran

              In the predominantly Shia culture of Iran, Eid is a highly personal event, and celebrations are often more muted. Called Eideh Fitr by most Iraninans, charity is important on that day. Typically, each Muslim family gives food to those in need. Often meat or ghorbani, which is an expensive food item in Iran, will be given by those in wealthier families to those who have less. Payment of fitra is obligatory for each Muslim. The tradition in many families holds that for each member of your household on the day of Eid, one person outside of your family needs to be fed. Many Iranian families have chelo kabab, which is skewered meat served with white rice, grilled tomatoes, herbs and yogurt on that day. Thanking God for all blessings is top on the list of activities for the day. The day is a national holiday. So most people spend the day at home or visiting family or going for outings in the areas around the big cities.



              Eid ul-Fitr in the Philippines

              Ramadan, as it is colloquially known to the majority Christian population, has recently been declared as a regular holiday for the entire nation by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. This is meant to give more importance to the Muslim population of the nation, with Tuesday,October 24, 2006, being the date this comes into effect.



              Eid ul-Fitr in the Gregorian Calendar


              While Eid ul-Fitr is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year, much like Easter, due to differences between the two calendars, since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. Furthermore, the method used to determine when each Islamic month begins varies from country to country.

              All future dates listed below are only estimates:

              2006: 23 October
              2007: 13 October
              2008: 2 October
              2009: 21 September
              2010: 10 September
              Eid ul-Fitr officially begins the night before each of the above dates, at sunset.
              نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


              «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
              صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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              • #8

                دوشنبه در امارات، فلسطين، قطر ، بحرين و عربستان عيد فطر اعلام شد


                روز دوشنبه در امارات عربي متحده، فلسطين، قطر ، بحرين و عربستان سعودي عيد فطر اعلام شد.



                شبكه خبري العربيه در خبري فوري اعلام كرد، در كشورهاي امارات عربي متحده، فلسطين، قطر، بحرين و عربستان سعودي روز دوشنبه عيد فطر اعلام شده است.
                العربيه همچنين اعلام كرد، روز يكشنبه در عربستان سعودي نيز روز پاياني ماه مبارك رمضان اعلام شده است.
                نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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                • #9
                  نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                  «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                  صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

                  Comment


                  • #10






                    Last edited by donsaeid; 10-21-2006, 02:04 PM.
                    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      مهربان پروردگار! به پاسداشت مهرورزي تو، روزه گرفتيم و اكنون به نماز فطرت، پاك ميرويم و در آبي رحمتت روح و جان مي شوييم و تن پوش آمرزش بر تن مي نماييم. در اين لحظه هاي سبز استجابت، شاخه هاي نخل آرزو را در دست مي گيريم و ظهور موعود آخرين را از تو ميخواهيم.

                      مسلمانان روزه دار كه ماه رمضان را به روزه دارى به پا داشته و از خوردن و آشاميدن و بسيارى از كارهاى مباح ديگر امتناع ورزيده اند، اكنون پس از گذشت ماه رمضان در نخستين روز ماه شوال اجر و پاداش خود را از خداوند مي ‏طلبند، اجر و پاداشى كه خود خداوند به آنان وعده داده است.

                      اميرالمؤمنين، حضرت على (عليه السلام) در يكى از اعياد فطر خطبه اى خوانده‏ اند و در آن مؤمنان را بشارت و مبطلان را بيم داده ‏اند كه:

                      اى مردم! اين روز شما روزى است كه نيكوكاران در آن پاداش مي ‏گيرند و زيانكاران و تبهكاران در آن مأيوس و نااميد مي ‏گردند و اين شباهتى زياد به روز قيامتتان دارد، پس با خارج شدن از منازل و رهسپار جايگاه نماز عيد شدن، به ياد آوريد خروجتان از قبرها و رفتنتان را به سوى پروردگار، و با ايستادن در جايگاه نماز به ياد آوريد ايستادن در برابر پروردگارتان را و با بازگشت ‏به سوى منازل خود، متذكر شويد بازگشتتان را به سوى منازلتان در بهشت‏ برين، اى بندگان خدا، كمترين چيزى كه به زنان و مردان روزه ‏دار داده مي‏شود اين است كه فرشته ‏اى در آخرين روز ماه رمضان به آنان ندا ميدهند و ميگويند:

                      «هان! بشارتتان باد، اى بندگان خدا كه گناهان گذشته‏ تان آمرزيده شد، پس به فكر آينده خويش باشيد كه چگونه بقيه ايام را بگذرانيد.»

                      عارف وارسته ملكى تبريزى درباره عيد فطر آورده است: «عيد فطر روزى است كه خداوند آن را از ميان ديگر روزها بر گزيده است و ويژه هديه بخشيدن و جايزه دادن به بندگان خويش ساخته و آنان را اجازه داده است تا در اين روز نزد حضرت او گرد آيند و بر خوان كرم او بنشينند و ادب بندگى بجاى آرند، چشم اميد به درگاه او دوزند و از خطاهاى خويش پوزش خواهند، نيازهاى خويش به نزد او آرند و آرزوهاى خويش از او خواهند و نيز آنان را وعده و مژده داده است كه هر نيازى به او آرند، برآوره و بيش از آنچه چشم دارند به آنان ببخشند و از مهربانى و بنده‏ نوازى، بخشايش و كارسازى در حق آنان روا دارد كه گمان نيز نمي‏برند.»

                      روز اول ماه شوال را بدين سبب عيد فطر خوانده ‏اند كه در اين روز، امر امساك و صوم از خوردن و آشاميدن برداشته شده و رخصت داده شد كه مؤمنان در روز افطار كنند و روزه خود را بشكنند. ابتداى خوردن و آشاميدن را افطار مي ‏نامند و از اين رو است كه پس از اتمام روز و هنگامى كه مغرب شرعى در روزهاى ماه رمضان، شروع مي‏شود، انسان افطار مي كند يعنى اجازه خوردن پس از امساك از خوردن به او داده مي ‏شود.
                      نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                      «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                      صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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                      • #12
                        وقت نماز عيد فطر از اول آفتاب روز عيد است تا ظهر. در عيد فطر مستحب است بعد از بلند شدن آفتاب افطار كنند و زكات فطره را هم بدهند و بعد از آن نماز عيد را بخوانند.

                        نماز عيد فطر دو ركعت است كه در ركعت اول بعد از خواندن حمد و سوره بايد پنج تكبير بگويد، و بعد از هر تكبير يك قنوت بخواند و بعد از قنوت پنجم تكبيرى بگويد و به ركوع رود و دو سجده بجا آورد و برخيزد، و در ركعت دوم چهار مرتبه تكبير بگويد و بعد از هر تكبير قنوت بخواند و تكبير پنجم را بگويد و به ركوع رود و بعد از ركوع دو سجده كند و تشهد بخواند و نماز را سلام دهد.
                        در قنوت نماز عيد هر دعا و ذكرى بخوانند كافى است، ولى بهتر است‏ اين دعا را به قصد اميد ثواب بخوانند:
                        "اللهم اهل الكبرياء و العظمة و اهل الجود و الجبروت و اهل العفو و الرحمة و اهل التقوى و المغفرة اسالك بحق هذا اليوم الذى جعلته للمسلمين عيدا و لمحمد صلى الله عليه و آله ذخرا و شرفا و كرامة و مزيدا ان تصلى على محمد و آل محمد و ان تدخلنى فى كل خير ادخلت فيه محمدا و آل محمد و ان تخرجنى من كل سوء اخرجت منه محمدا و آل محمد صلواتك عليه و عليهم اللهم انى اسالك خير ما سالك به عبادك الصالحون و اعوذ بك مما استعاذ منه عبادك المخلصون".

                        نماز عيد سوره مخصوصى ندارد، ولى بهتر است كه در ركعت اول آن سوره "شمس" و در ركعت دوم سوره "غاشيه" را بخوانند، يا در ركعت اول سوره "سبح اسم" و در ركعت دوم سوره "شمس" را بخوانند.

                        مستحب است در نماز عيد بر زمين سجده كنند و در حال گفتن تكبيرها دستها را بلند كنند و نماز را بلند بخوانند.

                        بعد از نماز مغرب و عشاى شب عيد فطر و بعد از نماز صبح و ظهر و عصر روز عيد و نيز بعد از نماز عيد فطر مستحب است اين تكبيرها را بگويند:

                        "الله اكبر الله اكبر لا اله الا الله و الله اكبر الله اكبر و لله الحمد الله اكبر على ما هدانا".
                        نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                        «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                        صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

                        Comment


                        • #13


                          نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                          «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                          صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            شوق ديدار يار

                            درسى از امام صادق عليه السلام

                            سيره تربيتى امام سجاد عليه السلام در عيد فطر


                            فرا رسيدن روز مبارك عيد فطر، نويد بخش تحولاتى سرنوشت ساز در زندگى اهل ايمان است. چرا كه عيد فطر يكى از ايام الله، زمينه ساز وحدت كلمه براى مسلمانان و تقويت اتحاد و اراده آنان، تجديد حيات دوباره براى اسلام، دميدن روح ايمان و سرور و نشاط براى بندگان الهى، روز نمايش عظمت دين و بازگشت دوباره به فطرت انسانى و بالاخره روز فتح و پيروزى در جهاد اكبر براى رهروان خداجوى مى‏باشد. در شب و روز عيد فطر، اهل ايمان از سويى به شب زنده دارى و نماز و دعا مى‏پردازند و از سويى ديگر با زمزمه زيارت امام حسين عليه السلام با آن حضرت و مقاصد آسمانى‏اش پيمان مجدد امضاء كرده و روح حماسه و عرفان و فداكارى را در وجودشان احياء مى‏كنند. اين اعمال معنوى آنان را براى پرواز در عالم ملكوت به همراه قدسيان آماده مى‏كند و آنان بدين وسيله از قيد و بند ماديات و علاقه‏هاى بى‏ارزش رهايى يافته و با دلى سرشار از شوق ايمان و عشق به خدا زندگى نوينى را آغاز مى‏كنند. چه زيباست كه تمام اقشار جامعه از اين فرصت به دست آمده در راه اعتلاى كلمه حق و توسعه و ترويج معارف حياتبخش الهى بهره گرفته و خود را يك سال ديگر در پناه ايمان و مصونيت بيمه كنند. در آن روز مسلمانان با شوق وصف ناپذيرى از عبادات و رياضات شب هاى ماه رمضان و شب هاى قدر و زيباترين لحظات ارتباط با خداوند فارغ شده و در اجتماع روز فطر صف مى‏كشند و اتحاد و يگانگى و برادرى و همدلى خود را به نمايش گذاشته و بار ديگر دست رد به سينه شيطان و شيطان صفتان مى‏زنند و هم نوا با برادران دينى خود، پروردگار با عظمت را صدا كرده و توفيق در تمام كارهاى خير و دورى از تمام بدى‏ها را به همراه حضرت محمد و آلش ـ كه درود خدا بر آنان باد ـ از درگاه خداوند درخواست مى‏كنند. در همين راستا به برخى از دستاوردهاى اين روز با شكوه اشاره كرده و روح و جان خويش را با آموختن درس هايى از آن صفا مى‏بخشيم به اميد اين كه ره توشه‏هايى را براى سلوك به سوى حق به دست آوريم .

                            در اجتماع بزرگ مسلمانان در روز فطر، مى‏توان پيام هاى مهم و حياتبخش اسلام را به گوش حاضرين رساند چرا كه برخى افراد فقط در چنين روزى فرصت راهيابى به مجالس مذهبى را پيدا مى‏كنند و در چنين فضايى آمادگى شنيدن مطالب معنوى و دستورات انسان ساز اسلامى را دارند. به همين جهت اميرمؤمنان على عليه السلام در يكى از خطبه‏هاى خويش در روز عيد فطر بعد از حمد و ثناى الهى و فراهم نمودن زمينه پيام هاى آسمانى به بيان مهمترين دستوارت الهى پرداخته و اهم احكام كليدى را به نمازگزاران فطر مى‏آموزد

                            در فرازهايى از گزارشى كه شيخ صدوق از بيانات اميرمؤمنان على عليه السلام در خطبه عيد فطر آورده است چنين مى‏خوانيم: «انّ هذا اليوم جعله الله لكم عيداً و جعلكم له اهلاً فاذكروا الله يذكركم و ادعوه يستجب لكم؛ امروز را خداوند متعال براى شما عيد قرار داده است و به شما شايستگى آن را عنايت فرموده پس شما هم به شكرانه آن، خدا را ياد كنيد تا شما را ياد كند و او را بخوانيد تا شما را اجابت كند به يكى از مهمترين اعمال روز عيد فطر كه پرداخت زكات فطره است اشاره كرده و اهميت آن را متذكر مى‏شود، چرا كه اگر زكات فطره از صورت پرداخت فردى به سمت بُعد اجتماعى آن سوق داده شود پشتوانه و سرمايه مهم اقتصادى در حل مشكلات مردم خواهد بود. ايجاد مراكز درمانى، تأسيس كانون‏هاى علمى و صنعتى براى اشتغال ‏زايى بيكاران جامعه، سرمايه گذارى براى مسائل بهداشتى و عمران محيط زيست، تقويت بنيه دفاعى مسلمانان و حراست از مرزهاى اسلامى، توسعه فرهنگ عمومى و دينى و ايجاد مؤسسات پژوهشى و تحقيقاتى برخى از دستاوردهاى پرداخت زكات فطره در روز عيد است كه در صورت جمع آورى و مصرف صحيح اين بودجه دينى به دست خواهد آمد.

                            ائمه جمعه و جماعات و مبلغان گرامى در صورت هدايت صحيح مردم و مخاطبين خويش در اين زمينه توفيقات افزون‏ترى را در امر تبليغ خواهند داشت و در به وجود آوردن مراكز علمى، عمرانى و بهداشتى كه نوعى باقيات صالحات است شريك خواهند بود؛ چه بسيار از عالمان متعهد و مبلغان پر تلاشى كه از همين زاويه به توسعه و ترويج معارف عالى اسلام پرداخته‏اند. به همين جهت اميرمؤمنان مردم را به پرداخت ديِنِ شرعى خويش تشويق نموده


                            و با يادآورى اهميت موضوع مى‏فرمايد: « و اَدّوا فِطرَتَكُم، فَاِنَّها سُنَّةُ نَبيِّكُم وَ فَريضَةٌ مِن رَبِّكُم فَليُؤدّها كُلُّ اِمرِءٍ مِنكُم عَنهُ وَ عَن عيالِهِ كُلِّهِم ذَكَرِهِم وَ اُنثاهُم، صَغيرِهِم و كَبيرِهِم وَ حُرِّهِم و مَملُوكِهِم عَن كُلِّ اِنسانٍ مِنهُم صاعاً مِن بُرٍّ اَوصاعاً مِن تَمرٍ اَو صاعاً مِن شَعيرٍ؛ زكات فطره خود را ـ كه سنت پيامبرتان و فريضه واجبى از سوى پروردگارتان مى‏باشد ـ هر يك از شما از سوى خود و افراد تحت تكفل خود از زن و مرد، كوچك و بزرگ، آزاد و مملوك يك صاع گندم يا خرما يا جو پرداخت نمايد.»

                            على عليه السلام در فراز ديگرى از خطبه خويش به مهمترين دستورات الهى پرداخته و به مسلمانان يادآور مى‏شود كه: «اطيعوا الله فيما فرض الله عليكم و امركم به من اقام الصّلوة و ايتاء الزّكوة و حجّ البيت و صوم شهر رمضان و الامر بالمعروف و النهى عن المنكر و الاحسان الى نساء كم و ما ملكت ايمانكم؛ در مواردى كه خداوند بر شما واجب كرده و به انجام آن امر نموده است از فرمان خداوند اطاعت كنيد، از به پا داشتن نماز، پرداخت زكات، زيارت خانه خدا، روزه ماه رمضان، امر به معروف و نهى از منكر و نيكى و احسان به همسران و زيردستان خود. مولاى متقيان با تذكر زشتى برخى گناهان كبيره اضافه مى‏كند كه: «و اطيعوا الله فيما نهاكم عنه من قذف المحصنة و ايتان الفاحشة و شرب الخمر و بخس المكيال و نقص الميزان و شهادة الزّور و الفرار من الزّحف؛(1) اى مردم! خدا را در مورد چيزهايى كه شما را نهى كرده اطاعت كنيد و از انجام آن دورى گزينيد كه از جمله نسبت ناروا به زنان شوهردار و آبرومند، انجام اعمال زشت همچون فحشا و شرب خمر، كم فروشى در معاملات، گواهى باطل و دروغ و فرار از ميدان نبرد از مقابل دشمن است.

                            برخى از مردم عيد را به معنى نشاط و شادى ظاهرى دانسته و با پوشيدن لباس هاى نو و رنگارنگ و با تدارك غذاهاى متنوع و شيرينى و شربت و گفتن و خنديدن و سياحت و تفرج بى‏محتوا خود را سرگرم مى‏كنند. در حالى كه عارفان با بصيرت و اولياء خاص الهى با چشم دل به عيد نگريسته و زواياى معنوى آن را جستجو مى‏كنند.
                            ¨
                            بخشى از كوشش هاى مردان الهى در ايام عيد بعد اجتماعى دارد كه در حل مشكلات برادران دينى، رسيدگى به نيازمندان و محرومان و گرفتاران، شاد و مسرور ساختن برادران و خواهران دينى، كمك به مستضعفان فكرى جامعه و اهتمام به مسائل عمومى و مبتلا به مسلمانان جلوه مى‏كند چرا كه آنها بر اين باورند كه على عليه السلام در مورد ويژگي هاى مردان الهى فرموده است: « نفسه منه فى عناءٍ والناس منه فى راحةٍ اتعب نفسه لآخرته و اراح النّاس من نفسه؛(2) نفس او از دستش در رنج و ناراحتى است امّا مردم (به خاطر خدماتى كه او انجام مى‏دهد) از او در آسايش‏اند. او براى (رسيدن به درجات عالى در روز) قيامت خود را به زحمت مى‏افكند ولى مردم را به رفاه و آسايش مى‏رساند.»

                            و برخى ديگر از فعاليت‏هاى اهل ايمان مربوط به ارتباط خود و خدايشان است، آنان از آنجايى كه در طول ماه مبارك رمضان با زحمات شبانه روزى خود بر شيطان نفس تسلط يافته و در جهاد بزرگ به پيروزى نائل شده‏اند روز عيد فطر را به شكرگزارى و ارتباط نزديكترى با پروردگارشان مى‏گذرانند: حضرت امام خمينى در اين مورد سخنان قابل توجهى ارائه كرده و مى‏فرمايد: البته عيدهايى كه اسلام تأسيس فرموده است به حسب نظرهاى مختلفى كه اهل نظر دارند و به حسب قشرهاى مختلفى كه برخورد مى‏كنند برداشت هاى مختلفى وجود دارد. آن برداشتى كه اهل معرفت از عيد مى‏كنند، با آن برداشتى كه ديگران مى‏كنند بسيار متفاوت است.


                            آنها بعد از اين كه در ماه مبارك رمضان آن رياضت ها را مى‏كشند و كشيدند، روز عيد روز لقاى آنهاست لقاء الله است آن روز براى آنها. «لغيرك من الظهور ما ليس لك(3) ؛ خدايا! براى غير تو چه ظهورى هست كه براى تو نيست؟!» آنها همه چيز را از او مى‏دانند و آن روز را عيد مى‏كنند براى اين كه بعد از رياضات يوم ورود به حضرت است. و در عيد قربان نيز بعد از اين كه تمام عزيزانشان را از دست دادند، مهيا براى ملاقات مى‏شوند، بعد از اين كه نفس خودشان را كشتند و هر چه عزيز است در راه خدا از آن گذشتند آن وقت است كه روز لقاء است و جمعه هم در اثر اجتماعاتى كه مسلمين با هم دارند، اهل معرفت مهيا مى‏شوند براى لقاء الله. پس برداشت آنها غير از برداشت ماست و ما اميدواريم كه به تبع اولياء خدا به جلوه‏اى از آن جلوه‏ها برسيم و ذره‏اى از آن معارف در قلب ما واقع بشود.(4)» به همين جهت حضرت امام مجتبى عليه السلام هنگامى كه مشاهده كرد عده‏اى از مردم در روز عيد فطر مشغول لهو و لعب و خنده هستند خطاب به يارانش فرمود: خداوند متعال ماه رمضان را معيار آزمايش مردم قرار داده است كه در آن مردم براى كسب مقامات معنوى و بهشتى مسابقه مى دهند عده‏اى در اين مسابقه برنده شده و برخى ديگر از كسب اين مقامات باز مى‏مانند.

                            كمال شگفتى است از كسى كه بى خبر از نتيجه اين مسابقه به خنديدن و خوشگذرانى مشغول است به خدا سوگند! اگر پرده‏ها كنار رود نيكوكاران به نتائج نيكو رفتارى خود مشغول بوده و بدكاران گرفتار اعمال بد خود هستند.(5)
                            نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                            «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                            صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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                            • #15
                              شوق ديدار يار

                              از برجسته‏ترين و به ياد ماندنى‏ترين ساعات روز عيد فطر لحظاتى است كه منتظران راستين ظهور حضرت ولى عصر(عج) آرزوى ديدار آن حضرت را كرده و در فراقش با دلى مملو از اميد اشك حسرت مى‏ريزند.

                              آنان به ياد سخن حضرت باقر عليه السلام مى‏افتند كه فرمود: «ما مِن يَومِ عَيدٍ لِلمُسلِمينَ اَضحَىً وَلا فِطرٍ اِلا و هُوَ يُجَدِّدُ الله لآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ(ع) فِيهِ حُزناً قالَ قُلتُ وَ لِمَ ذلِك قالَ اِنَّهُم يَرَونَ حَقَّهُم فى اَيدى غَيرِهِم؛(6) هيچ عيد فطر و قربان نيست كه با آمدن آن غم و اندوه آل محمد(ص) تجديد شود راوى گفت: چرا در روز عيد غمگين مى‏شوند؟ امام فرمود: زيرا آنان حق خود را در دست ديگران مى‏بينند و از اين كه افراد غير شايسته بر جايگاه رهبرى امت قرار دارد و امام راستين هنوز ظهور نكرده است

                              كه حكومت عادلانه و سايه پر از عدل و داد خود را بر مردم بگستراند، غمگين و ناراحتند. به همين جهت يكى از رايج ترين اعمال اين روز كه اولياء خدا و عارفان واصل به آن اهتمام خاص دارند زمزمه دعاى ندبه در روز فطر است كه دردمندانه و عاشقانه با امام زمان(ع) نجوا مى‏كنند: «هل اليك يا بن احمد سبيلٌ فتلقى... متى ترانا و نراك و قد نشرت لواء النّصرترى... .»

                              اين ابيات مولوى تا حدودى بيانگر راز دل ندبه خوانان عيد فطر است كه به مولاى خويش عرضه مى‏دارند:

                              در هوايت بى‏قرارم روز و شب

                              سر ز پايت بر ندارم روز و شب


                              اى مهار عاشقان در دست تو

                              در ميان اين قطارم روز و شب


                              تا كه بگشايم به قندت روزه‏ام

                              تا قيامت روزه دارم روز و شب


                              چون ز خوان فضل روزه بشكنم

                              عيد باشد روزگارم روز و شب


                              جان روز و جان شب اى جان تو

                              انتظارم، انتظارم روز و شب


                              تا به سالى نيستم موقوف عيد

                              با مه تو عيد دارم روز و شب


                              زآن شبى كه وعده كردى روز وصل

                              روز و شب را مى‏شمارم روز و شب


                              بس كه كشت مهر جانم تشنه است

                              ز ابر ديده اشك بارم روز و شب



                              عارف وارسته حاج ميرزا جوادآقا ملكى تبريزى در اين مورد در كتاب ارزشمند المراقبات(7) مى‏نويسد: بر مؤمن راستين شايسته است امروزه غيبت آن حضرت و غصب حكومت آن حضرت توسط دشمنان، سختى حال شيعيان و رعاياى او را در دست كافران و فاجران بنگرد و ببيند كه به آنان از قتل نفوس و هتك آبرو و غصب اموال و بدى حال و مقام خوارى و ابتذال چه مى‏رسد بايستى خوشحالى او به اندوه زياد و خنده او به گريه و عيد او به ماتم مبدل گردد و به خواندن دعاى ندبه بسان زن بچه مرده‏اى بگريد و فرج او را از خدا بخواهد... بارى چون خواستى براى نماز عيد بيرون روى كه با امامى نمازگزارى يا خودت امام جماعت شوى بر توست كه از مصيبتى كه براى غيبت امام خودت بر تو وارد شده است غافل نباشى، زيرا نماز عيد، حق خاص اوست و آن از مقامات معروف اوست.

                              پس بنگر حال به چه منوال گشته است كه نماز با امام به نماز تو و امثال تو مبدل شده است و به زمان حضور آن حضرت و اجتماع مؤمنان به نماز او و نمازشان با او، تفكر نماى و در نزد خويش ميزان بگير كه چون براى مؤمن خطيب، امام او باشد و سخنش را بشنود و از علومش فرا گيرد حال او چگونه خواهد بود؟! و به آنچه از بركات و انوار زمان حضور آن بزرگوار و نشر عدالت و محو جور و ضلالت و عزت اسلام و حرمت قرآن و رواج ايمان و تكميل عقول و تزكيه قلوب و تحسين اخلاق و رفع شقاق و دفع نفاق نظر كن و با صداى بلند خود او را ندا ده و به زبان شوق خويش به ساحت مقدس عرضه بدار: اى زاده احمد! آيا راهى به سوى تو هست كه ملاقات شوى؟...اى آقاى من. "و تلافى ان كان فيه أتلافى بك عجّل به جعلت فداكا" ؛ اگر تلف شدن من در رسيدن به تو باشد، در آن شتاب كن فداى تو شوم .


                              "و بما شئت فى هواك اختبرنى فاختيارى ماكان فيه رضاكا" ؛ و به هر چه بخواهى در راه عشق خودت مرا آزمايش كن كه آنچه را كه رضاى تو در آن است انتخاب مى‏كنم. "بجمال حجبته بجلالٍ هام واستعذب العذاب هناكا " ؛ قسم به جمال خودت كه از او پوشيده‏اى و جلال خودت كه او را سرگردان ساخته‏اى و در كوى تو عذاب را شربت گوارا مى داند. " ذات قلبى فأذن له يتمنّا ك فيه بقيّة لرجاكا"؛ دل من آب شد پس به او اجازه بده كه ترا آرزو كند، در اين قلب نيم رمقى براى اميد و تمناى تو هست.

                              بنابراين درخواست برقرارى دولت كريمه حضرت مهدى(عج) بهترين پاداش و عيدى است كه مى‏توان در روز عيد فطر از خداوند متعال آن را درخواست نمود.

                              سيدبن طاووس در ضمن اعمال روز عيد از امام باقر عليه السلام نقل مى‏كند: هنگامى كه از منزل خارج شده و به سوى نماز عيد مى‏روى دعاى "اللّهم من تهيّأ" را مى‏خوانى و هنگامى كه به نام مبارك حضرت صاحب الزمان(ع) رسيدى با آرزوى تحقق وعده الهى و استقرار حكومت عدل مهدوى عليه السلام مى‏گويى: «اللّهم افتح لنا فتحاً يسيراً و انصره نصراً عزيزاً... اللّهم انّا نرغب اليك فى دولةٍ كريمةٍ تعزّ بها الاسلام و اهله و تذّلّ بها النّفاق و اهله...( ؛ خداوندا براى ما فتح آسان عنايت فرما و آن حضرت را با نصرتى عزتبخش يارى نما. پروردگارا! ما خواهان ايجاد دولت كريمه‏اى هستيم كه با آن به اسلام و مسلمانان عزت بخشيده و جبهه نفاق و اهلش را به خاك مذلّت بنشانى ...



                              درسى از امام صادق عليه السلام

                              از آموزنده‏ترين فرازهاى زندگى امام صادق عليه السلام حادثه‏اى شنيدنى است كه در عيد فطر اتفاق افتاد ماجرا از اين قرار بود كه ابوالعباس سفاح، اولين خليفه عباسى در هنگام خلافت خويش در بغداد، روزى امام صادق عليه السلام را به مركز خلافت خود احضار كرد. او به دنبال فرصتى مى‏گشت تا آن حضرت را به شهادت برساند تا اين كه وى آخرين روز ماه مبارك رمضان را عيد فطر اعلام كرد. آن روز هنگامى كه حضرت صادق عليه السلام در منطقه حيره بر او وارد شد خليفه از او پرسيد: اى اباعبدالله! نظر تو در مورد روزه امروز چيست؟ امام صادق با بهره‏گيرى از آيه تقيه كه مى‏فرمايد: «لايتّخذ المؤمنون الكافرين اولياء من دون المؤمنين و من يفعل ذلك فليس من اللّه فى شى‏ءٍ الا ان تتّقوا منهم تقيهً و يحذّركم الله نفسه و الى الله المصير(9) ؛ افراد با ايمان نبايد به جاى مؤمنان، كافران را به دوستى بگيرند و هر كس چنين كند، هيچ رابطه‏اى با خدا ندارد مگر اين كه از آنان به نوعى تقيه كنيد و خداوند شما را از عقوبت خود بر حذر مى‏دارد و بازگشت همه به سوى خداست.

                              و با پيروى از اجداد طاهرين خويش تقيه نموده، و به سفاح فرمود: اين مربوط به پيشواى مردم است، تو اگر روزه بگيرى، من هم روزه مى‏گيرم و اگر افطار كنى من هم افطار خواهم كرد. در اين هنگام سفاح به غلام خود دستور داد تا سفره غذا را بچيند و امام صادق عليه السلام به همراه او غذا خورده و روزه‏اش را شكست با اين كه مطمئنّاً مى‏دانست آن روز از ماه رمضان است و عيد فطر نيست. آن حضرت در توضيح عمل خويش به ياران نزديكش فرمود: « و الله انه يومٌ من شهر رمضان فكان افطارى يوماً و قضاؤه ايسر علىّ من ان يضرب عنقى ولايعبد الله(10) ؛ به خدا سوگند آن روز از ماه رمضان بود و يك روز شكستن روزه ماه رمضان (به خاطر تقيه و حفظ دين) و اداى قضاى آن براى من آسان تر از اين است كه كشته شوم و خدا عبادت نشود.»
                              نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


                              «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
                              صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

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