Page 4 of 4 FirstFirst 1234
Results 76 to 88 of 88

Thread: Unrest in Lebanon

  1. #76
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    امين جميل: ايران مي*تواند در حل مشكلات لبنان موثر باشد


    رئيس جمهور اسبق لبنان ايران را كشوري "بزرگ و تاثيرگذار" در منطقه خاورميانه خواند و گفت: «ايران مي*تواند در حل و فصل مشكلات كنوني لبنان تاثيرگذار باشد.»



    امين جميل در ادامه گفت*وگو با شبكه خبري العالم اظهار داشت: ايران مي*تواند از روند دموكراتيك و توافقي در لبنان حمايت كرده و در حل و فصل مشكلات كنوني لبنان موثر باشد.

    امين جميل در بخش ديگري از سخنان خود با اشاره به ديدارهاي اخير نبيه*بري رئيس مجلس لبنان و سعدالحريري رئيس اكثريت فراكسيون پارلمان اين كشور گفت: ديدارهاي بري و حريري به پايان بحران كنوني لبنان منجر نخواهد شد.

    وي تصريح كرد، لبنان داراي مشكلات ديرينه و از بحران هاي داخلي و خارجي رنج مي*برد و اين مشكلات و بحران*ها در مدتي كوتاه و از طريق ديدارها ميان بري و حريري حل نخواهند شد.

    اين اظهارات در حالي مطرح مي شود كه سيد حسن نصرالله دبيركل حزب الله لبنان در جديدترين اظهارات خود بر لزوم فراهم كردن شرايط مناسب براي گفت*وگو*هاي داخلي لبنان تاكيد و نسبت به تلاش* جريان حاكم براي وقت كشي هشدار داده بود.

    مخالفان خواهان تشكيل دولت وحدت ملي و كسب يك سوم بعلاوه يك كرسي*هاي دولت هستند.

    اين در حالي است كه طرفداران دولت سنيوره با ناديده گرفتن خواسته آنها مدعي*اند، مخالفان در صدد هستند با كسب اين تعداد از كرسي*هاي وزارتي در آينده از حق وتو براي مخالفت با طر*ح*هاي دولت برخوردار شوند و به همين دليل با خواسته مخالفان مخالفت مي*كنند و خواستار انتخاب 10 وزير از ميان معارضان و يك وزير مستقل هستند.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  2. #77
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    رئيس كميته تحقيق ترور حريري:

    ترور حريري با فعاليت*هاي سياسي وي ارتباط داشت


    رئيس كميته بين المللي تحقيق ترور رفيق حريري نخست وزير پيشين لبنان، انگيزه*هاي ترور وي را سياسي خواند و گفت: انگيزه هاي ترور حريري با فعاليت سياسي وي مرتبط بوده است.



    به نقل از پايگاه خبري الجزيره،"سرژ پرامرتز " قاضي بلژيكي پس از ارايه پنجمين گزارش خود به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد گفت: كميته تا حد زيادي دامنه تحقيقات خود را درباره انگيزه*هاي جنايت كه با فعاليتهاي سياسي حريري مرتبط بوده، محدود كرده است.

    وي، تصويب قطعنامه 1559 شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد، تمديد دوره رياست جمهوري " اميل لحود "، ماهيت روابط حريري با احزاب و سران لبناني، سوري و ساير كشورها و آماده سازي براي انتخابات پارلماني در ماه مي سال 2005 را از مهم*ترين عوامل مرتبط با ترور حريري دانست.

    پرامرتز تصريح كرد، تشكيل دادگاه بين المللي، گام منطقي پس از انجام تحقيقات است و بدون اين گام، توجيه وجود كميته تحقيق امري پيچيده و مشكل خواهد بود.

    وي از پاسخ دادن به اين سوال كه آيا گزارش وي به اين معنا است كه حريري به اين دليل كشته شده است كه تهديد فزاينده براي سوريه بوده يا خير، خودداري كرد و به اين سخن بسنده كرد كه اين مساله به دادگاه مربوط است و دادگاه بايد درباره مسووليت اين جنايت تصميم گيري كند.

    حريري به همراه 22 لبناني ديگر 14 فوريه سال 2005 با انفجار خودروي بمب*گذاري شده در بيروت ترور شدند.

    بعد از ترور رفيق حريري نخست وزير پيشين لبنان انگشت اتهام بلافاصله به سوريه نشانه رفت و مقام*هاي بلندپايه اين كشور به دست داشتن در اين حادثه متهم شدند. بشار اسد رئيس جمهور سوريه بارها نقش دولت سوريه در ترور حريري را رد كرده است.

    بر خلاف ادعاهاي خدام و برخي شخصيت*هاي ضد سوري كه مسوولان سوريه را به دست داشتن در ترور حريري متهم مي*كردند، در گزارش كميته بين*المللي تحقيق به اين مساله اشاره*اي نشده است.

    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  3. #78
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    نبيه*بري: پارلمان لبنان 25 سپتامبر رئيس جمهور را انتخاب مي*كند

    رئيس مجلس لبنان اعلام كرد، اعضاي پارلمان اين كشور 25 سپتامبر(3 مهر) رئيس جمهور جديد را انتخاب خواهند كرد.



    به نقل از پايگاه خبري الجزيره، جلسه پارلمان براي انتخاب رئيس جمهور تنها در صورت به حد نصاب رسيدن اعضا يعني با حضور 86 نماينده از مجموع 128 نفر از اعضاي پارلمان برگزار مي*شود.

    بر اساس قانون اساسي لبنان نامزد انتخابات رياست جمهوري بايد دست*كم راي دو سوم از 128 نفر اعضاي پارلمان را براي احراز اين سمت بدست آورد.

    چنانچه هيچ يك از نامزدها در دور نخست انتخابات پيروز نشود، راي*گيري نهايي به دور بعدي موكول خواهد شد و در دور بعدي كسب اكثريت مطلق آرا ضروري است.

    دوره رياست جمهوري اميل لحود رئيس جمهور كنوني لبنان ماه نوامبر به پايان مي*رسد.

    انتخاب رييس جمهور نيازمند توافق طرف*هاي معارض و طرفداران اكثريت در مجلس لبنان است زيرا نيروهاي طرفدار دولت لبنان در حال حاضر از 71 راي برخوردارند و نيروهاي معارض نيز 56 راي در اختيار دارند.
    نيروهاي معارض پيش از راي گيري خواستار توافق بر سر انتخاب رياست جمهوري هستند.

    سيد حسن نصرالله دبيركل حزب الله لبنان در سخنان اخير خود از پيشنهاد اخير "ميشل عون" رئيس جريان ملي آزاد براي انتخاب رييس جمهوري آينده از طريق راي مستقيم مردم استقبال كرده بود.

    نصرالله گفت: با توجه به تجربيات سابق در تعديل قانون اساسي براي خروج از بحران*هاي جدي از جمله اصلاح قانون اساسي در مرحله انتخاب "الياس هراوي" به عنوان رييس جمهور، پيشنهاد كنوني عون نيز مي*تواند برون رفت مناسبي براي پايان دادن به بحران سياسي باشد.

    دبيركل حزب الله با محكوم كردن تلاش هاي جاري براي انتخاب رييس جمهوري آينده از طريق كاهش درصد شمار شركت كنندگان در جلسه پارلمان از دو سوم به نصف به اضافه يك، اين تلاش*ها را مغاير با عرف و قانون توصيف كرد و آن را نوعي سوء استفاده گروه حاكم از قدرت دانست.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  4. #79
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    با برپايي تظاهراتي

    دانشجويان لبناني خواستار پايان تنش*هاي سياسي شدند


    صدها دانشجوي لبنان روز گذشته در اعتراض به تداوم تشنج*هاي سياسي حاكم بر اين كشور با برگزاري تظاهراتي خواستار پايان دادن به اختلافات سياسي و حفظ وحدت ملي شدند.



    به نقل از پايگاه خبري الجزيره، صدها دانشجو و دانش آموز لبناني و نيز بيش از 20 سازمان داخلي در تظاهرات روز گذشته در لبنان شركت داشتند.

    تظاهركنندگان براي نشان دادن حفظ وحدت ملي تنها پرچم ملي لبنان را در دست داشتند و با نواختن طبل، سرود ملي سر دادند.

    همزمان با اين تظاهرات همچنين زنگ*هاي كليسا در بيروت به صدا در آمد و صداي اذان از مساجد پخش شد.

    در همين حال رسانه*هاي داخلي بنا بر درخواست سازماندگان اين تظاهرات، برنامه*هاي عادي خود را قطع و تصاويري از اين تظاهرات را پخش كردند.

    نيروهاي معارض و گروه حاكم بر دولت درباره تشكيل دولت وحدت ملي و دادگاه بين*المللي رسيدگي به عاملان ترور رفيق حريري نخست پيشين لبنان با هم اختلاف نظر دارند.

    بحران سياسي لبنان در 11 نوامبر گذشته و در پي شكست گفت*وگوهاي داخلي كه در آن گروههاي حاكم با خواست معارضان براي كسب يك سوم كرسي*هاي دولت مخالفت كردند، به اوج خود رسيد.

    اين مساله باعث شد كه پنج تن از وزراي جنبش امل و حزب*الله و نيز يك وزير نزديك به اميل لحود رئيس جمهور اين كشور از كابينه دولت سنيوره استعفا دهند.

    طرفداران دولت سنيوره با ناديده گرفتن خواسته آنها مدعي*اند، مخالفان در صدد هستند با كسب اين تعداد از كرسي*هاي وزارتي در آينده از حق وتو براي مخالفت با طر*ح*هاي دولت برخوردار شوند و به همين دليل با خواسته مخالفان مخالفت مي*كنند و خواستار انتخاب 10 وزير از ميان معارضان و يك وزير مستقل هستند.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  5. #80
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Aug 2006
    Location
    tehrangeles
    Posts
    2,096

    CIVIL WAR LEBONAN PART 2 ?



    var clickExpire = "-1"; Story Highlights

    • Suspect in a plot to bomb trains in Germany last year reportedly is killed
    • At least 27 Lebanese forces, 15 militants killed in two days of clashes
    •Fighting continues after bank robbery sparks raid Sunday near Tripoli
    • Battles pit Islamic militants against Lebanon security forces

    Adjust font size:



    BEIRUT, Lebanon (CNN) -- Smoke billowed Monday from a Palestinian refugee camp as Lebanese forces battled Islamic militants for a second day near the northern city of Tripoli. The clashes have left dozens dead and wounded.
    The fighting was sparked Sunday when Lebanese Internal Security Forces raided a building in a neighborhood north of Tripoli, army sources said.
    Militants from Fatah al-Islam began shooting at the forces, who returned fire, triggering clashes in the vicinity of the Nahr al-Bared Palestinian refugee camp. (Watch civilians, soldiers scurry as the sound of gunfire fills the streets of Tripoli )
    Lebanese Internal Security Forces arrested four militants and found the bodies of 10 militants inside the building where they had barricaded themselves, an ISF spokesman said. Explosives were strapped to two bodies.
    Security forces conducted the raid after Fatah al-Islam members tried to rob a bank Sunday and "take control of several security strongholds in the north, as if they were planning to carry out a major security operation," according to Ahmad Fatfat, a member of parliament and minister of youth and sports in Prime Minister Fouad Siniora's Cabinet.
    Nahr al-Bared is about nine miles (16 kilometers) north of Tripoli, Lebanon's second-largest city that is home to a large population of Sunni Muslims. (Facts on refugee camps)
    The battle near the camp continued into Monday, killing 27 Lebanese soldiers and wounding 39 others. At least 15 militants have been killed in the clashes, security sources said.
    Among the dead militants was Saddam al Hajj Dib, the sources said. Dib -- along with his brother, cousin and three other men -- was being tried in absentia in a Lebanese court for plotting to bomb two passenger trains in Germany in July. The bombs did not explode.
    Links to al Qaeda unclear

    It is unclear if the militants are linked to al Qaeda.
    Though Syria has claimed Fatah al-Islam is connected to the terror group, Lebanese Interior Minister Hasan al-Sabaa has described Fatah al-Islam as "part of the Syrian intelligence-security apparatus," according to Jane's Information Group, which provides analysis on international security matters.
    Fatah al-Islam's leader, Sha*** al-Absi, told Al-Arabiya TV in June that his group had no connection to al Qaeda or Syria, according to Jane's. Rather, he said, his group seeks to reform Palestinian refugee camps in accordance with Islamic law, or sharia.
    Though al-Absi has been linked to al Qaeda, Lebanon's national police commander, Maj. Gen. Ashraf Rifi, scoffed at the purported connection, saying Fatah al-Islam was a pawn of Damascus, The Associated Press reported.
    "Perhaps there are some deluded people among them, but they are not al Qaeda. This is imitation al Qaeda, a 'Made in Syria' one," he told the AP.
    Nayla Mouawad, Lebanese social affairs minister, said the militants have "Syrian allegiance and only take orders from Syria."
    Syrian leaders deny fomenting violence in Lebanon.
    Lebanon's government is led by anti-Syrian politicians, including the prime minister.
    The tenuous security situation prompted Syria temporarily to close two of its five border crossings with Lebanon, an interior ministry spokesman told the state-run Syrian-Arab News Agency.
    The crossings will remain closed "till the security situation becomes more secure in north Lebanon," the source said.
    Fatal bombing in Beirut

    Meanwhile, a bomb went off late Sunday in the Beirut neighborhood of Ashrafieh, killing one woman, Lebanese security forces said.
    Several others were wounded in the blast, which went off beneath a car at the southern entrance to a shopping mall in the east Beirut Christian neighborhood, sources said.
    Political sources close to Siniora's U.S.-supported government said the bomb was similar to other explosive devices that have gone off in Beirut's Christian neighborhoods since the 2005 assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
    The U.N. Security Council is considering passing a resolution that would enforce the establishment of an international tribunal to try suspects in the Hariri assassination. The political sources said the explosion was an attempt to sow seeds of instability ahead of the Security Council deliberations.
    http://www.worldometers.info/

    G-d determines who walks into your life....It is up to you to decide who you let walk away, who you let stay, and who you refuse to let go.

    http://www.nomullas.com/

  6. #81
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274

    كشف سه خودروي بمبگذاري شده در بيروت


    نيروهاي امنيتي لبنان در پي كشف و خنثي سازي سه دستگاه خودروي بمب گذاري شده در منطقه برالياس حلقه امنيتي گسترده*اي را در اين منطقه از پايتخت لبنان تشكيل داده*اند.


    سه نفر از تروريست هاي دستگير شده در منطقه برالياس اعتراف كردند سه دستگاه خودرو را براي انفجار در اين منطقه آماده كرده و در مجاور ساختمان هاي اين منطقه متوقف كرده*اند.
    ا
    ين سه تروريست كه در ارتباط با گروه فتح الاسلام هستند شب گذشته در آپارتماني در برالياس بازداشت شدند كه تابعيت دو نفر از آنان سوري و ديگري تابعيت عراقي دارد.

    در پي اين اعتراف نيروهاي امنيتي لبنان حلقه امنيتي گسترده*اي را در منطقه برالياس تشكيل داده و واحدهاي كشف و خنثي سازي در پي يافتن و مهار بمب هاي كارگذاشته شده هستند.

    درگيري ارتش لبنان با نيروهاي فتح الاسلام براي هفدهمين روز متوالي در اردوگاه نهرالبارد ادامه داشته و ارتش با استيلاي كامل بر اردوگاه پاكسازي اين منطقه را از باقي مانده شبه نظاميان فتح الاسلام ادامه مي دهد كه در اين بين صبح امروز نيز يك سرباز ارتش لبنان به ضرب گلوله تك تيراندازان فتح الاسلام كشته شد
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  7. #82
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Aug 2006
    Location
    tehrangeles
    Posts
    2,096

    Arabas cant handle Democracy

    Here is an interesting Pattern everywhere in the middle east that democracy comes civil war fallows
    Westbank/Gaza
    Iraq
    Lebanon

    The only place that has democracy is israel
    rest are dictatorship
    http://www.worldometers.info/

    G-d determines who walks into your life....It is up to you to decide who you let walk away, who you let stay, and who you refuse to let go.

    http://www.nomullas.com/

  8. #83
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    حزب الله لبنان جناح حاکم را به تشدید بحران داخلی متهم کرد
    حزب الله لبنان امروز یکشنبه دولت لبنان را به تشدید بحران سیاسی از طریق دعوت برای برگزاری انتخابات میاندوره ای مجلس این کشور متهم کرد.

    به گزارش خبرگزاری مهر به نقل از خبرگزاری فرانسه، "حسن فضل الله" از اعضای فراکسیون حزب الله در مجلس نمایندگان لبنان گفت: جناح حاکم خواهان دستیابی به راه حل نیست و به نظر می رسد که درمسیر سوق دادن کشور به سوی بحران ها وشکاف های بیشتر داخلی حرکت می کند.

    در پی کشته شدن "ولید عیدو" و "پیر جمیل " از نمایندگان مجلس لبنان، دولت این کشور اعلام کرد که انتخابات میاندوره ای مجلس نمایندگان لبنان برای انتخاب دو نماینده کرسی های خالی مجلس، پنجم اوت برگزار می شود.

    "پیر جمیل " وزیر صنایع و "ولید عیدو" نمایندگان مجلس لبنان به ترتیب در 30 آبانماه سال گذشته و چهارشنبه گذشته ترور شدند که هردو نفر از جناح موسوم به نیروهای ‪ ۱۴‬مارس و حامیان دولت بودند.

    فضل الله افزود : وقتی جنایت ترور ولید عیدو روی داد ما همگی این جنایت را محکوم کردیم و درخواست کردیم تا گام های محکمی برای حل و فصل بحران سیاسی کشور برداشته شود، اما در مقابل شاهد تعطیلی قانون اساسی، تهدید و حرکت های یکجانبه بودیم.

    برپایه این گزارش، جریان ملی آزاد لبنان به رهبری "میشل عون" نیز اعلام کرده است که با برگزاری انتخابات میاندوره ای به این شرط موفق است که دستور هیئت وزیران به امضای "امیل لحود" رئیس جمهوری لبنان برسد.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  9. #84
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    حزب*الله، دولت لبنان را به ايجاد جنگ داخلي متهم كرد


    جنبش مقاومت حزب الله لبنان دولت اين كشور را به تلاش براي ايجاد جنگ داخلي از طريق تاكيد بر برگزاري انتخابات ميان دوره*اي متهم كرد.



    به نقل از خبرگزاري فرانسه، حسن فضل*الله يكي از نمايندگان حزب*الله در پارلمان لبنان امروز هشدار داد يك حزب در لبنان هست كه اين كشور را در آستانه تجزيه سياسي قرار مي دهد و اگر اين حزب همچنان بر قدرت انحصاري خود تاكيد كند اين تجزيه بعيد نخواهد بود.

    دولت لبنان روز گذشته تصميم گرفت در پنجم آگوست به منظور جايگزيني دو نماينده ضدسوري كه ترور شدند انتخابات ميان دوره اي برگزار كند كه اين امر با مخالفت اميل لحود رئيس جمهور لبنان مواجه شد.
    پير جمايل وزير صنايع لبنان در ماه نوامبر سال گذشته به ضرب گلوله افراد ناشناس و وليد ايدو يكي از نمايندگان پارلمان لبنان روز چهارشنبه در يك انفجار در بيروت كشته شدند.

    فضل الله گفت:«لبنان داراي يك رئيس جمهور است كه چه با او موافق باشيم يا مخالف نظر او مهم است.»

    حزب حاكم لبنان اعلام كرده است حتي با وجود مخالفت لحود قصد دارد اين انتخابات را برگزار كند.
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  10. #85
    Senior Member donsaeid's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    tahe motorkhoneye jahanam
    Posts
    27,274
    الجزيره از درگيري شديد نيروهاي ارتش لبنان با فتح*الاسلام خبر داد


    با وجود تلاش*هاي ديپلماتيك براي پايان دادن به درگيري*هاي شمال لبنان، شبكه تلويزيوني الجزيره از درگيري شديد نيروهاي ارتش لبنان با گروه فتح*الاسلام در اردوگاه نهرالبارد واقع در شمال اين كشور خبر داد.



    به نقل از شبكه الجزيره،درگيري ارتش لبنان با گروه فتح*الاسلام هم*اكنون در اردوگاه نهرالبارد در شمال اين كشور در جريان است.

    اين درگيري*ها در ناحيه شرق اين اردوگاه متمركز است و ارتش مواضع افراد مسلح را در اين اردوگاه گلوله*باران مي*كند.

    ارتش لبنان پيش از اين گفته بود منطقه "المخيم الجديد" تحت كنترل كامل نيروهاي اين كشور در آمده است.

    از سوي ديگر شيخ "محمد الحاج" عضو انجمن علماي فلسطين گفت: هيئتي از اين انجمن، فرماندهان ارتش را در جريان نتايج نشست*هاي خود با مسئولان گروه فتح*الاسلام قرار داده است و منتظر واكنش آنهاست.

    هيئتي از انجمن علماي فلسطين با سرتيپ "جرج خوري" رئيس دستگاه اطلاعاتي ارتش لبنان نيز ديدار كرد.

    خبرنگار الجزيره پيش از اين به نقل از منابع سياسي لبنان اعلام كرده بود كه ارتش لبنان همچنان بر موضع خود بر تسليم شدن فرماندهان گروه فتح*الاسلام اصرار دارد.

    بر اساس طرح*هاي پيشنهادي انجمن علماي فلسطين،گروه فتح*الاسلام بايد به حملات خود عليه ارتش پايان دهد و افراد مسلح عرب و خارجي مستقر در اردوگاه را به خارج از لبنان انتقال دهد.
    در اين طرح اشاره*اي به تحويل مسئولان گروه فتح*الاسلام به ارتش لبنان نشده
    نه غزه نه لبنان جانم فدای ایران


    «در زندگی زخم*هايی هست که مثل خوره روح را آهسته در انزوا می*خورد و می*تراشد.»
    صادق هدايت؛ بوف کور

  11. #86
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Location
    Jupiter
    Posts
    62,630
    Lebanon breathed a heartfelt sigh of relief last week with the long-awaited election to the presidential office of army Chief of Staff General Michel Suleiman. After a rapid series of diplomatic toing and froing in the Qatari capital of Doha, a number of commentators opined the Levant was saved from relapsing into the clutches of another devastating civil war by a meager hair’s breadth. In hindsight it doesn’t appear that another civil war was on the cards, the domestic balance of power stood overwhelmingly in Hizbullah’s favor, and therefore allowed the vast majority of conflict zones to be quickly subdued and handed back to the army; in stark contrast to the prevailing situation during the Lebanese Civil War whereby a panoply of armed militias engaged in a protracted war of attrition, too weak to convincingly defeat one another and seize control of the country, yet strong enough to inflict serious damage and irreparable scars upon the Lebanese polity, many of which are still to mend.

    The election by Lebanese MPs of a president after a stalemate of more than 5 months has been welcomed begrudgingly by some, and with rose-tinted spectacles by others, as the final outcome of Lebanon’s political future continues to marauder in murky and nebulous territory. Though the current modus vivendi may certainly only be a band-aid solution, until the relevant parties have regrouped and sharpened their knifes till the next spate of hostilities, it also evinces the very real possibility of settling internal Lebanese disputes by diplomatic rather than military means. Michel Suleiman on more than one occasion has demonstrated his political acumen and suave ability to navigate the perilous and labyrinthine maze of Lebanese politics – his decision to not embroil the army in ethnic and sectarian struggles undoubtedly being chief amongst them – as the fragmentation of the army would surely have spelt disaster and undercut the painstaking efforts in recent years which have been made to depict the army as beyond the fray of partisan politics and as a symbol of national unity.

    The turmoil witnessed throughout the course of May has now subsided, but with over eighty dead and more than 200 wounded this recent bout of strife marks the most significant case of intra-Lebanese conflict since the cessation of hostilities and the end of the Civil War which wracked the aggrieved Mediterranean state from 1975 to 1990; and which was finally put to bed as a result of the Taif Agreement of 1989. The Taif Agreement itself largely became feasible because of the collective exhaustion of the numerous competing factions and arguably had very little to do with the goodwill harbored by the respective parties – since that time, which can at one and the same time be considered a nadir and apogee in the history of modern Lebanon, the vast majority of Lebanese have assiduously sought to eschew a return to any such dire state of affairs. Only those on the fringe are yet to realize that no single party or group can single-handedly rule Lebanon and that the only viable future is one of coexistence and mutual respect.

    This most recent episode in the fractious relations of Lebanon’s Christian, Sunni and Shi’a communities[1] was initially sparked by two recent Cabinet decisions announced on the 7th of May in which the government removed the security chief of Beirut airport who is believed to have ties to Hizbullah, and decreed the Shi’a party’s communications network illegal, and which Hizbullah contends is integral to its ‘resistance activities’ to liberate Lebanese territory, namely the Sheeba Farms and Kfarshuba Heights, which continue to be occupied by Israeli forces. Even though few doubt that these actions were the immediate cause of Hizbullah overrunning West Beirut, it’s patently obvious that the origin of the clashes resides in Lebanon’s tumultuous history, confessional politics and the plethora of unresolved issues therein.

    The grueling civil war that claimed as many as 150,000 lives, where neighbor turned against neighbor and much like the catastrophic situation that has befallen Iraq today, people were arbitrarily executed at roadside checkpoints for having the ‘wrong’ name and belonging to the ‘wrong’ faith. Soon after the inception of the civil war the Syrian military with tacit American approval entered Lebanon. Israeli forces first invaded in 1978 and went all the way to Beirut in 1982 in a bid to once and for all obliterate the Palestinian Liberation Organization led by the late Yasser Arafat, and who at that time used Southern Lebanon as a base of operations. The PLO was accused, as it had been years earlier in Jordan of creating ‘a state within a state’; a similar charge that has since been leveled against Hizbullah by its opponents.

    The year 1982 saw the creation of the militant Shi’a group, the Hizbullah, with training, funding and ample materiel provided by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard in direct response to the invasion of Israeli forces that had besieged the Lebanese capital. Hizbullah quickly surpassed its Shi’a ally and sometime rival Amal as the foremost representative of the largely disenfranchised and impoverished Shi’a, who populate Southern Lebanon and poorer districts of Southern Beirut. Ever since then, the ideological and material links between Iran and the Shi’a organization have been strong and pictures of the Ayatollah Khomeini and the present Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khamanei, can be found peppered throughout Southern Beirut. Syria has long been integral to this relationship, as all materiel to Hizbullah must go via Syria before reaching Lebanon. The essential though functional role played by Syria in this arrangement has been vital to sustain Hizbullah; a fact that has been recognized by the Israeli government, which has recently re-opened the hitherto beleaguered Sryian-track along with Turkish mediation. By doing so the Israelis hope to pry Syria from Iran, not only to further isolate the latter, but to also stymie the Iranian succor to which the paramilitary group cum political party and sworn enemy of Israel has become accustomed.

    In the advent of the first Gulf War, and in exchange for their support of the US-led venture, Syria was given the nod by the American administration of Bush Snr to wage an offensive in Lebanon in the name of keeping the peace between warring factions,[2] and there they remained until 2005; until the assassination of Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri lit a fire beneath the Syrian forces and provoked nationwide protests against the Syrian presence in Lebanon, which over the years had come to be increasingly resented.

    The watershed Israeli withdrawal took place in 2000, and was greeted by the vast majority of Lebanese as a great victory and farewell to a much-hated foreign occupation that had lasted 18 years. In the more recent conflict between Hizbullah and Israel in the summer of 2006, many Lebanese were angered by what they saw as an unnecessary provocation that resulted in 1000 civilian deaths and massive casualties throughout the country. But as Israel’s response to the kidnapping of two of its soldiers unfolded and proved to be evermore brutal and disproportionate to the initial provocation, the Lebanese steadily began to rally together and coalesce against what they perceived as a common enemy.

    In the aftermath of the 2006 war which the US and Britain intentionally prolonged through their willful obstruction of a UN declared ceasefire, in the hope that something like what Israel had accomplished vis-ŕ-vis the PLO could be effected with regards to Hizbullah, the Israeli strategy of ‘shock and awe’ in the aftermath of the conflict proved to be an abject failure, while Hizbullah proclaimed a stunning ‘victory’, thereby valorizing its self-depiction as the strong arm of the Lebanese ‘resistance’.




  12. #87
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Location
    Jupiter
    Posts
    62,630
    An important corollary of Hizbullah’s ‘Pyrrhic victory’, of which Western policy makers should take note, is that the party’s Secretary-General Seyyed Hassan Nasrallah rapidly emerged as one of the most popular political figures in the Arab world,[3] transcending the much exaggerated sectarian divide. Domestic attitudes toward Hizbullah, however, were ambivalent to say the least. As far as many Lebanese were concerned Hizbullah’s proclamation of victory was in bad taste and left a sour taste in the mouth. Hizbullah’s wary competitors for power, but also ordinary Lebanese increasingly began to question whether Hizbullah’s raison d’etre had in fact become obsolete since the major Israeli withdrawal of 2000. Meanwhile, the Lebanese army’s complete failure to protect key strategic sites and Lebanese civilians from barrage after barrage of Israeli attacks only confirmed in the minds of Hizbullah sympathizers that the ‘resistance’ was as necessary as it ever had been. There was also a fair amount of unease amongst the Druze, Sunni and Christian populations about the continued existence in their midst of a powerful Shi’a militarized force who many believe are beholden to Iranian leaders.

    Though such reactions are understandable, it’s dangerous to the point of verging on a gross misconception to frame Hizbullah as a mere scion of Iran. Such an attitude was at one time held by Saddam Hussein toward Iraq’s Shi’a majority and American politicians and military personnel have since perpetuated this same error with respect to Muqtada al-Sadr’s Mahdi Army; ignoring the aspirations for representation and power of the Shi’a majorities in both Lebanon and Iraq. Much like Muqtada al-Sadr, whose ideological outlook is laced with a fervent brand of Iraqi-Arab nationalism, Hizbullah have repeatedly asserted their Lebanese-Arab identity and that Lebanon’s national interests take precedence over its obligations to external patrons. This may ring hollow for some, but such professions can’t be peremptorily dismissed without succumbing to arrogance.

    Through Lebanon’s confessional system, established upon the state’s independence from French colonial rule, political power came to be distributed along sectarian lines in an unwritten agreement which has never been easy to maintain; the semblance of a Shi’a ‘state within a state’ has not helped the unstable balancing act which to this day has preserved the National Pact, nor have fears been allayed by the fact that Lebanon’s largest community, some 40% of the population, have de facto control of the country. If there was any doubt of this before, it has now been irrefutably confirmed as Hizbullah deftly unmoored the Future coalition’s militant Salafist allies and privately funded paramilitary groups, leaving them gasping for air.[4]

    The pro-war pundit Tom Friedman in an editorial last month for The New York Times argued the recent strife in Lebanon displays all the trappings of a ‘new cold war’, the only difference is that now it exists between an Iran-Syria-Hizbullah-Hamas axis on the one hand and a US-Israel-Saudi Arabia axis on the other.[5] Though a hyperbolic and fanciful reading of the present geopolitical dynamic, since Friedman very consciously omits the fact that Iran’s and Syria’s military budgets combined are a mere 1.3% of the US’s, and that Israel possesses the fourth most powerful military in the world with approximately 200 nuclear war heads, it’s never been a secret that Lebanon has throughout its modern history been graced with the unenviable ‘fate’ of being the battlefield in which regional states vie for power and endeavor to achieve one-upmanship vis-à-vis one another. This is not a problem however that is going to be solved by means of even more foreign interference in Lebanon’s internal affairs.

    What has become clear is that throwing money at the problem isn’t going to solve a thing, irrespective of whether its origins be Saudi, American or Iranian. Since 2006 the US has provided some 1.4 billion in aid to prop up the ailing Siniora government, 400 million of which was earmarked for the Lebanese army.[6] Suleiman wisely refused to mire the army in a conflict which might have fragmented the one touchstone of national unity and thereby astutely avoided a fire from transforming into a conflagration that may have engulfed the country. With the Future Movement’s confidence flagging as a result of their militias swift defeat, it remains unclear whether the Movement will accept the new status quo as laid down in the Doha Accord or whether it’ll decide to nurse its wounds until its forces are able to challenge Hizbullah’s present military edge. If this proves to be the case, with Washington’s barely suppressed blessing, then this month’s fracas will inexorably descend into an all out battle for the heart of Lebanon, with extremists potentially on all sides.

    Equally, as Hizbullah fighters turned their arms on their fellow Lebanese, the group’s stature as the national ‘resistance’ movement has been inescapably sullied. No feat of public relations is going to be able to mend the wound which has consequently been inflicted on its adversaries and will almost certainly continue to fester, the pledge in Doha not to use its weapons in the course of internal disputes notwithstanding.

    The government’s decrees of May 7th, made under considerable pressure from Washington and in coordination with UN Special Envoy Terje Roed Larsen violated the ‘rules of the game’ the pro-government forces had agreed with the opposition, in which all decisions regarding disarmament would be made the subject of a future national dialogue and consensus in lieu of unilateral decrees and foreign meddling.[7] The solution to Lebanon’s woes has been a long time in coming and yet there is only one feasible albeit obscured alternative: that all outside powers refrain from perpetuating Lebanon’s tragic history as the theatre where regional and even global struggles are waged. The US, Saudis, Israelis, Syrians and Iranians have all played a part in stoking the flames of Lebanon’s tragic ‘destiny’. Whether a politics often characterized by parochialism and sectarian sentiment can be surpassed is something, which is yet to be seen, nonetheless it’s high time that all outside forces left Lebanon to the Lebanese!

    NOTES
    [1] It’s crucial to note that the recent conflict wasn’t purely along sectarian lines, as Hizbullah were supported by elements of Lebanon’s Druze community and Christian groups affiliated with Syria’s onetime nemesis, General Michel Aoun, who returned from exile in Paris after the Syrian military’s withdrawal of March 2005
    [2] The 33-Day War: Israel’s War on Hezbollah in Lebanon and its Afermath, Gilbert Achcar with Michel Warschawski, Saqi Books, 2007, p16
    [3] The 'New Middle East' Bush Is Resisting, Saad Eddin Ibrahim, The Washington Post, August 23 2006
    [4] Lebanon's Sunni bloc built militia, officials say, Borzou Daragahi and Raed Rafei, Los Angeles Times, May 12 2008
    [5] The New Cold War, Thomas L. Freidman, The New York Times, May 14 2008; Saudis, US grapple with Iran challenge, M.K. Bhadrakumar, Asia Times Online, May 17, 2008
    [6] This Time, Avoid the Lebanese Quagmire, Doug Bandow, Antiwar.com, May 16, 2008
    [7] What Next in Lebanon? In the Wake of the Doha Truce, Karim Makdisi, Counterpunch, May 17/18 2008 © Sadegh Kabeer




  13. #88

Tags for this Thread

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •