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Thread: List Of All Possible Diets

  1. #1
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
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    Post List Of All Possible Diets

    Well-known nutritional diets:

    Abs Diet

    Atkins diet

    Banta Diet

    Best Bet Diet

    Blood Type diet

    Body for Life

    Brazilian Emagrece Sim Diet

    Breatharian diet

    Buddhist diet

    Cabbage soup diet

    Calorie restriction

    The Cambridge Diet

    Candida control diet

    Cretan diet

    Diabetic diet

    Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension or the DASH Diet

    Dr. Hay diet

    Detox diet

    Diet for a New America by John Robbins

    eDiets

    Fat Resistance Diet

    Fat Smash Diet, The

    Feingold diet

    Fit for Life diet

    Food combining diet

    Fruitarian diet

    Joel Fuhrman diet

    Slimming World diet

    Gerson diet

    Gluten-free, casein-free diet

    Glycemic Index diet

    The Graham Diet

    Grapefruit diet

    Hacker's diet

    Hallelujah diet

    High protein diet

    Hunza diet

    Jenny Craig

    Junk food diet

    Kosher diet

    Lacto vegetarianism

    Lean for Life

    Liquitarian diet

    Living foods diet

    Low-carbohydrate diet

    Low-protein diet

    Macrobiotic diet

    Master Cleanse

    Mediterranean diet

    Montignac diet

    Muslim diet

    Natural Foods Diet

    Natural Hygiene diet

    Negative calorie diet

    Okinawa diet

    Organic food diet

    Ornish Diet

    Ovo-lacto vegetarian diet

    Paleolithic diet

    Perricone diet

    No-Grain Diet by Dr. Mercola

    Pesco/Pollo vegetarianism

    PersonalDiets

    Pritikin diet

    Rastafarian diet

    Scarsdale Diet

    Sex Diet

    Shangri-La Diet

    South Beach diet

    Raw food diet

    Raw vegan diet

    Rice Diet/Duke University diet

    Sonoma diet

    Sugar Busters

    The Diet Smart Plan

    The Optimal Diet

    Total Wellbeing Diet (developed by CSIRO)

    Vegan diet

    Vegetarian diet

    Warrior Diet

    Weigh Down diet

    Weight Watchers

    Zone diet




  2. #2
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
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    Abs Diet

    The Abs Diet is a nutritional diet created by Men's Health Magazine editor David Zinczenko.

    The diet emphasizes the so-called "Twelve Power Foods".

    Twelve power foods
    Almonds and other nuts
    Beans and legumes
    Spinach and other green veggies
    Dairy (fat-free/low-fat)
    Instant oatmeal (no sugar added)
    Eggs
    Turkey/lean meat (steak, chicken and fish)
    Peanut butter (all-natural, and limit to 3 tablespoons per day max)
    Olive oil
    Whole grain bread/cereal
    Extra protein (whey) powder
    Raspberries and other berries

    Eat often foods
    Apples
    Asparagus
    Avocados
    Bananas
    Brown rice
    Canadian Bacon
    Canola oil
    Citrus fruit and juices
    Fruit juice (sugar-free)
    Lean game (ostrich, etc.)
    Garlic
    Lentils
    Mushrooms
    Melons
    Peaches
    Peanut oil
    Peas
    Peppers
    Popcorn (fat-free)
    Shellfish (bivalves)
    Soup (broth-based)
    Sunflower seeds
    Sweet potatoes

    Eat occasionally
    Baked potatoes
    Beer (light)
    Butter (light)
    Chocolate
    Coffee
    Lamb
    Lasagna
    Lunchmeat
    Macaroni
    Margarine
    Nuts
    Pudding
    French fries (only if not cooked in vegetable oil)
    Graham crackers
    Granola (low fat)
    Ham
    Honey
    Ice cream (low fat)
    Jam and marmalade
    Pork tenderloin
    Rice
    Sauerkraut
    Sorbet
    Sherbet
    Veal
    White wine
    Frozen yogurt




  3. #3
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
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    Atkins Nutritional Approach

    The Atkins Nutritional Approach, popularly known as the Atkins Diet or just Atkins, is the most marketed and well-known of the low-carbohydrate diets. It was adapted by Dr. Robert Atkins in the 1960s from a diet he read in the Journal of the American Medical Association and utilized to resolve his own overweight condition following medical school and graduate medical training. After successfully treating over ten thousand patients, he popularized the Atkins diet in a series of books, starting with Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution in 1972. In his revised book, Dr. Atkins' New Diet Revolution, Atkins updated some of his ideas, but remained faithful to the original concepts.

    The Atkins franchise (i.e., the business formed to provide products serving people "doing Atkins") has been highly successful due to the popularity of the diet, and is considered the iconic and driving entity of the larger "low-carb craze". However, various factors have led to its dwindling success and the company, Atkins Nutritionals of Ronkonkoma, New York, founded by Dr. Atkins in 1989, two years after the death of the founder filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in July of 2005 and re-emerged in January 2006. The Atkins logo is still highly visible through licensed-proprietary branding for food products and related merchandise.

    Ongoing weight loss
    The Ongoing Weight Loss (OWL) phase of Atkins consists of an increase in carbohydrate intake, but remaining at levels where weight loss occurs. The target daily carbohydrate intake increases each week by 5 net grams. A goal in OWL is to find the "Critical Carbohydrate Level for Losing" and to learn in a controlled manner how food groups in increasing glycemic levels and foods within that group affect your craving control. The OWL phase lasts until weight is within 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of the target weight. At first weeks you should add more of the induction acceptable vegetables to your daily products. For example, 6-8 stalks of asparagus, salad, one cup of cauliflower or one half of avocado. The next week you should follow the carbohydrate ladder Dr Atkins created for this phase and add fresh dairy. The ladder has 9 rungs and should be added in order given. One can skip a rung if one does not intend to include that food group in one's permanent way of eating such as the alcohol rung.

    The rungs are as follows:

    Induction acceptable vegetables
    Fresh dairy
    Nuts
    Berries
    Alcohol
    Legumes
    Other fruits
    Starchy vegetables
    Grains

    Evidence in favor of the diet
    Several randomized, controlled studies, published in peer-reviewed journals, have concluded that dieters on the Atkins diet have achieved weight loss comparable to or greater than other diets, up to 1 year. Blood lipids have also improved, and no serious adverse effects have been observed. There are no rigorous studies to show the results after 1 year.

    In the largest, most recent randomized, controlled study, published in JAMA (March 7, 2007), by Gardner at Stanford University, women "lost more weight and experienced more favorable overall metabolic effects at 12 months" than in other diets. The study followed 311 premenopausal, nondiabetic women, age 25-50. The women lost significantly more weight (mean 4.7 kg) on the Atkins diet than on 3 higher-carbohydrate diets (LEARN 2.6 kg, Ornish 2.2 kg, and Zone 1.6 kg), without increasing cardiovascular risks. Changes in HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and mean blood pressure significantly favored Atkins over the other three diets. The authors conclude: "Concerns about adverse metabolic effects of the Atkins diet were not substantiated within the 12-month study period."[6]

    When the Atkins diet was introduced in the 1970s, it was immediately attacked by existing experts, who claimed it was unhealthy and would fail. Subsequent studies have not supported those fears:

    "The low-carbohydrate diet produced a greater weight loss for the first six months, but the differences were not significant at one year. The low-carbohydrate diet was associated with a greater improvement in some risk factors for coronary heart disease. Adherence was poor and attrition was high in both groups. Longer and larger studies are required to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat diets." New England Journal Of Medicine, Volume 348:2082-2090, 22 May 2003, Number 21
    "better participant retention and greater weight loss...greater decreases in serum triglyceride levels" Annals Of Internal Medicine, 18 May 2004 | Volume 140 Issue 10 | Pages 769-777 (Journal Editor's note: "While the study suggests the efficacy and relative safety of the low-cholesterol diet, the high dropout rate, self-directed adherence to the diet, and relatively short observation period challenge the generalizability of the findings.")
    "sustained weight loss [at 6 months]" Atkins funded, non-randomized, non-control intervention trial, American Journal of Medicine, Volume 113, Issue 1, July 2002, Pages 30-36.
    "When carbohydrates were restricted [during a 2-week study on 10 obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes], study subjects spontaneously reduced their caloric intake to a level appropriate for their height, did not compensate by eating more protein or fat, and lost weight. We concluded that excessive overeating had been fueled by carbohydrates." "In addition to the calorie reduction and weight loss, subjects experienced markedly improved glucose levels and insulin sensitivity, as well as lower triglycerides and cholesterol." This is not a controlled study in that there was no control group; it merely observed the effect of putting ten obese diabetics on the Atkins diet; this is "the only study of the Atkins diet to have been conducted in the strictly controlled environment of a clinical research center where every calorie eaten and spent was measured." Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 March 2005.
    The strongest evidence is randomized, controlled studies published in peer-reviewed journals. The greater the number of subjects, and the longer the subjects are followed, the more powerful the study. To date, the longest studies are 1 year, so the effects of the diet over longer durations are not known.

    Proponents of the Atkins diet feel much of the criticism leveled at the diet comes from statements and opinions of individuals and associations, rather than from controlled and reviewed studies. Advocates of the diet dispute criticisms based on the fact that a low-carb diet is likely to be high-fat and allegations that fat, especially saturated fat, is harmful. Atkins backers maintain that, aside from trans fat, saturated fat is not harmful. Proponents cite Gary Taubes who, in a 2001 article in Science, 291 (5513): 2536, claims that the oft-cited "consensus" opinion against saturated fats derives from political rather than scientific motives.

    Critics of the Atkins diet may focus particularly on Atkins, or on low-carb dieting in general. Proponents claim that critics fail to consider that people are built differently, and as with any diet, the Atkins may not be effective for some people.

    Continuing research supports the idea that saturated fat may be cardio-protective in some populations, see http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/abstract/80/5/1175, "Dietary fats, carbohydrate, and progression of coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women" and http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/full/80/5/1102 , "Saturated fat prevents coronary artery disease? An American paradox."

    The 22 May 2003, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine published two scientific, randomized studies comparing standard low-fat diets to low-carbohydrate diets such as the Atkins Diet. In both studies, subjects lost more weight on the low-carbohydrate plans at 6-months but not at 1-year. The editors noted that "Adherence was poor and attrition was high in both groups. Longer and larger studies are required to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of low-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat diets."

    A research study carried out by the Weight and Eating Disorders Program at the University of Pennsylvania, reported in May 2003 that the Atkins diet raised levels of HDL (or "good") cholesterol by an average of 11% and reduced the amount of triglycerides in the bloodstream by 17%. This counters one of the chief criticisms of Atkins' approach, which is that cholesterol is raised by eating fatty foods and meat.

    In another study, conventional dieters' HDL cholesterol raised by 1.6% while their triglyceride levels improved. Weight loss was also statistically greater in the Atkins dieters after three and six months compared with the conventional dieters (although this did not remain statistically significant after a year). The study followed the diets of 63 obese men and women.




  4. #4
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
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    Best Bet Diet

    The Best Bet Diet is a proposal from the Direct-MS charity to improve the outcome of multiple sclerosis. Currently a clinical trial is being performed to test its effectivity . The Best Bet Diet has become popular in the Multiple Sclerosis world.

    Philosophy
    The Best Bet Diet is a little like the song from The Singing Detective: "Accentuate the positive and eliminate the negative". Eating the wrong food is thought to lead to a lack of the nutrients that help to keep your immune system in control, and the wrong food can also cause the immune system to attack your body.

    Adherents therefore cut out the wrong stuff (eliminate the negative) and add some of the right stuff. The diet is dairy-free, gluten-free and egg-free. It's also yeast restrictive, sugar restrictive and low in saturated fat. There's a list of supplements you're also advised to take to accentuate the positive.

    People with Multiple Sclerosis say how much better they feel on this diet - less tired and fewer relapses. And if you look on the positive side of things, it could actually be quite palatable - lots of white meat, fish, fruit and vegetables. Some people also say that tequila is OK too.

    Critics of the diet, argue that there is no scientific evidence that consuming dairy,eggs,yeast or gluten has a negative impact on people with ms. They also say that the diet is so restrictive, that people on it are at risk of going short of vital nutrients. They also point out to the lack of scientific studies done on the effects of such a diet on a person with Multiple Sclerosis


    Description

    The basis is:

    Eat fruits and vegetables for carbohydrates and micro-nutrients
    Eat fish and skinless breast of chicken and turkey, for protein
    Eat extra virgin olive oil for fats
    Avoid all dairy, grains (except rice), legumes
    Avoid all allergenic foods, which are identified by skin and ELISA tests
    Avoid all red meat and margarine

    They also propose the following supplements:

    1. Grape seed extract 2 capsules/day
    2. VitaminD3 2000 IU/day in summer and 4000 IU/day in winter
    3. Calcium 1200 mg/day
    4. Vitamin A 5000 IU/day
    5. 10 grams salmon oil
    6. Vitamin B-complex 50 mg/day
    7. 500 mcg of B-12
    8. 1 g of vitamin C
    9. 400 IU of vitamin E
    10. up to 750 mg of magnesium (a good Ca/Mg ratio is 2:1)
    11. 25 mg of zinc
    12. 1 mg of copper
    13. 200 mcg of selenium
    14. Manganese 20 mg/day
    15. up to 5 g of evening primrose oil or borage oil
    16. 4 capsules of acidophilus
    17. 4 capsules of enzymes
    18. 500 - 1000 mg of Lecithin
    19. Ginkgo biloba 120 mg/day
    20. Co-enzyme Q10 60 mg/day




  5. #5
    Member maryam9's Avatar
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    junk food diet?!

  6. #6
    Senior Member Rasputin's Avatar
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    Junk food diet

    Junk food is a term describing food that is perceived to be unhealthy or having poor nutritional value, according to Food Standards Agency. The term is believed to have been coined by Michael Jacobson, director of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, in 1972. The term has since become common usage.

    Junk food typically contains high levels of fat, salt or sugar and numerous food additives such as monosodium glutamate and tartrazine; at the same time, it is lacking in proteins, vitamins and fiber, among others. It is popular with suppliers because it is relatively cheap to manufacture, has a long shelf life and may not require refrigeration. It is popular with consumers because it is easy to purchase, requires little or no preparation, is convenient to consume and has lots of flavor. Consumption of junk food is associated with obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and dental cavities. There is also concern about the targeting of marketing at children.

    What constitutes a junk food may be confusing and, according to critics, includes elements of class snobbery and moral judgement. For example, fast food such as hamburgers, and French fries supplied by companies such as McDonald's, KFC and Pizza Hut are often perceived as junk food whereas the same meals supplied by more up-market outlets such as Pizza Express or Nando's are not despite often having the same or worse nutritional content.Other foods such as Foie Gras, roast potatoes and bread are not considered junk food despite having limited nutritional content. Similarly, Breakfast cereals are often regarded as healthy but may have high levels of sugar, salt and fat.

    Many critics believe that junk food is not harmful when consumed as part of a balanced diet and some believe that the term should not be used at all.

    Should a child start consuming junk foods exclusively, as opposed to having a balanced diet, their intake of high-protein-vitamins-roughage diet would substantially decrease and intake of milk and healthy fruit juices would likely be replaced by soft drinks. This would potentially lead to a deficiency of calcium, milk being a rich source of calcium, resulting in weakening of bones.

    Some types of chips that are said to be "junk food" may actually be partially beneficial because they may contain polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. However, since they are fats, the intake of these should be kept to a minimum. It should also be understood that the detrimental effects of the empty calories may outweigh the benefits of the unsaturated fats. These foods tend to be high in sodium, which may contribute in causing hypertension (high blood pressure) in some people.


    The term has become common usage amongst many different groups over the years, including opponents of fast food industries and environmentalists.

    During 2006 in the United Kingdom following a high profile media campaign by the chef Jamie Oliver and a threat of court action from the National Heart Forum, the UK advertising regulator and competition authority, Ofcom, launched a consultation on advertising of foods to children.The Food Standards Agency was one of many respondents.As a result a ban on advertising during children's television programmes and programmes aimed at young people was announced.The ban also includes marketing using celebrities, cartoon characters and health or nutrition claims.




  7. #7
    I can't imagine that there are so many types of diet. I am only familiar with Atkins diet, south beach diet and vegetarian diet. Hope I can have a chance to know more information with other diet procedure.

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